39 ["Which, though one and the same, is thus variously modified."Kaye's rendering in his Justin, p. 184.]

40 [Here Bishop Kaye has a very full note, quoting a beautiful passage textually from Beausobre, with whom, however, he does not entirely coincide. Justin, p. 184.]

41 John. i. 5.

42 [See cap. v., note, supra, p. 67.]

43 [tou= peponqo/toj Qeou=. A very noteworthy testimony to the mystery of the Cross, and an early specimen of the Communicatio idiomatum: the a0nti\dosij or a0ntimeta/stasij of the Greek theologians. Pearson, On the Creed, p. 314. London, 1824.]

44 [The shortening of human life is a gracious limitation of tarnsgression and of the peril of probation. "Let not our years be multiplied to increase our guilt."]

45 [desmo\j de\ tou= sarko\j yuxh\.]

46 Comp. 1 Cor. ii. 14,15. [The 71, of whom we are to hear so much in Tertullian. Comp. cap. xii., supra, p. 70.]

47 [But Kaye would translate, "by dying to the world through faith."]

48 Ps. viii. 5.

49 [For a learned and valuable comparison of early patristic Demonologies, see Kaye's Justin Martyr, pp. 201-210.]

50 Perhaps in his treatise "On Animals."

51 Comp. Eph. vi. 13, 14, 17.

52 Democritus. [The Paris editors add, vide Laertium. As to Ostanes, see that invaluable thesaurus, Hofmann's Lex. Universale, vol. ii. p. 6. Leyden, 1698.]

53 [Comp. cap. vi. note 6, supra. p. 67.]

54 [Naviget Anticyras. On hellebore, see otherwise useless learning but illustrative of this place, in Burton, Anat. Melanchol., p. 400, Ed. New York, 1847.]

55 [u!lhj oi0konomi/a. note Comp. cap. ix., supra, note 4; p. 69.]

56 [The language of an affectionate pupil: o9 qaumasiw/tatoj Ioustinoj.]

57 Comp. Hom. Il., ii. 372.

58 [The baptismal renunciation.]

59 John i. 3.

60 [The flavour of this passage comes out with more sweetness in Kaye's note (p. 198, Justin M.), thus: "Above the visible heavens exist the better ages, ai0w=nesnoi0 krei/ttonej, having no change of seasons from which various diseases take their orgin; but, blest with a uniform goodness of temperature, they enjoy perpetual day, and light inaccessible to men who dwell here below."

Here Tatian seems to me to have had in mind a noble passage from Pindar, one of the most exquisite specimens of Greek poetry, which he baptizes and sanctifies.

Truly the Gentiles reflect some light from the window in the ark of their father Noah. How sweet what follows: a!dakrun ne/montai ai0w=na. Comp. Rev. vii. 7, xxi. 4, xxii.]

61 [Kaye thus renders this passage: "the spirit together with the soul will receive immortality, the heavenly covering of mortality." Justin, p. 288.]

62 Il., xxii. 227.

63 Il., ii. init.

64 [Ca/rin oi0konmi/aj. Compare divers uses of this word in Kaye's Justin, p. 174.]

65 Tatian here describes an actor. [And in America heathenism has returned upon us in most of the indecencies here exposed. Are we Christians?]

66 [Here Christianity began to avenge itself on the brutal spectacles of the Coliseum, which stands a gigantic monument of the religious system of which they were a part. See Athenagoras, Embassy, cap. xxxv.]

67 Antigenides was a flute-player, and Aristoxenus a writer on music and musical instruments.

68 The Cynic Peregrinus is meant.

69 They need the rich to invite them to banquets.

70 The Cynic.

71 [The vigor of this passage, and the impact of its truths upon heathen idols, are noble specimens of our author's power.]

72 They ate and drank bread and wine hallowed to be the koinwni/a of the flesh and blood of Christ (1 Cor. x. 16); but they knew nothing of the modern doctrine of the Latin churches, which is precisely what Tatian denies.]

73 [Athenagoras, Embassy, cap. ii., infra.]

74 In Crete.

75 Comp. Tit. i. 12. Callimachus is probably the author referred to, through others express the same opinion respecting the Cretans.

76 Accommodating himself to the popular opinions, through fear.

77 At Aricia, near Rome.

78 [A memorable tribute to the light-giving power of the Holy Scriptures. "Barbarian books" (barbaric means something else) they were; but well says Dr. Watts in a paraphrase of Ps. cxix. 96 (and comp. capp xl, xli., infra),-

See his Hymns, p. 238. Ed. Worcester, 1836.]

79 Comp. Matt. xiii. 44. [Cogent reasoning with Greeks.]

80 Comp. Matt. xiii. 44. [Cogent reasoning with Greeks.]