26 Adrumetum (Hadrumetum) was an ancient Phoenician settlement, made a Roman colony by Trajan, on the coast of the Sinus Neapolitanus, some ninety miles south-east of Carthage, capital of Byzacium. Cyprian writes to Bp. Cornelius, Ep. xlviii., vindicating Polycarp: his name occurs also in the titles of Cypr. Epp. lvii., lxvii. (after Primus), and lxx. (after Caecilius).

27 Thamugadis (Thamogade), a town in Numidia, on the east side of Mount Aurasius. The whole opinion of Novatus (Conc. Carth. sec. 4), is omitted in the Mss.

28 The words in Cyprian are, "secundum decretum collegarum nostrorum sanctissimoe memorioe virorum." The decree referred to is one of the Council held by Agrippinus.

29 Tubunae, a town in Mauritania Caesariensis. Nemesianus probably same with one of that name in Cypr, Epp. lxii., lxx., lxxvi., lxxvii.

30 Prov. ix. 12, LXX., the passage being altogether absent in the Hebrew, and consequently in the English version. Probably in N. Afr. version. The text in Erasmus is somewhat different, and was revised by the Louvain editors to bring it into harmony with the answer of Augustin and the text of Cyprian (Conc, Carth. sec. 5).

31 Prov. ix. 18, LXX., possibly N. Afr. version also.

32 John iii. 5.

33 Gen. i. 2.

34 Eph. iv. 3-6.

35 Quoniam Spiritus Deus est, et de Deo natus est. These words are found at the end of John iii. 6, in the oldest Latin Ms. (in the Bodleian Library), and their meaning appears to be, as given in the text, that whatsoever is born of the Spirit is spirit, since the Holy Ghost, being God, and born of, or proceeding from God, in virtue of His supreme power makes those to be spirits whom He regenerates. If the meaning had been (as Bishop Fell takes it), that "he who is born of the Spirit is born of God," the neuter "de Deo natum est" would have been required. To refer "Spiritus Deus est," with the Benedictines, to John iv. 24, "God is a Spirit," reverses the grammar and destroys the sense of the passage. The above explanation is taken from the preface to Cyprian by the monk of St. Maur (Maranus), p. xxxvi., quoted by Routh, Rel. Sac. iii. 193.

36 Gal. v. 19-21.

37 Cypr. Ep. xi. 1.

38 Prov. ix. 12. Cp. LXX.

39 John iii. 5.

40 Acts viii. 13.

41 Wisd. i. 5.

42 John iii. 6.

43 Gal. v. 19-21.

44 Lambaese (I.ambese) was one of the chief cities in southern Numidia. This Januarius is not unlikely identical with the first of that name in Cypr. Ep. lxvii., and with the one of Epp. lxii. and lxx. For an opponent of Cyprian in Lambese, see Cypr. Epp. xxxvi. and lix.

45 Conc. Carth. sec. 6.

46 Castra Galbae was most likely in Numidia. Lucius as bishop occurs in Cypr. Epp. lxvii., lxx., lxxvi.and lxxvii., but it is doubtful to which of the four of this name attendant on this council these references may apply.

47 Matt. v. 13. "Id quod salietur ex eo, ad nihilum valebit.".

48 Matt. xxviii. 18, 19.

49 Recedendo infatuati contrarii. facti sunt. Dr. Routh from a Ms. in his own possession, inserts "et" after "infatuati."-"have lost their savor and become contrary to the Church." Rel. Sac. iii. p. 194.

50 Prov. xiv. 9, cp. LXX.

51 Conc. Carth. sec. 7.

52 John xx. 23.

53 1 John ii. 9.

54 Ex. xx. 13, 15.

55 Cirta, an inland city of the Massylii in Numidia, was rebuilt by Constantine, and called Constantina.

56 See below, on sec. 25.

57 Ex Scripturis deificis.

58 Conc. Carth. sec. 8.

59 There are two letters extant from Cyprian to Stephen, No. 68, respecting Marcianus of Arles, who had joined Novatian, and No. 72, on a Council concerning heretical baptism. It is clear, however, from Ep. lxxiv. 1, that this Council, and consequently the letter to Stephen, was subsequent to the Council under consideration; and consequently Augustin is right in ignoring it, and referring solely to the former. Dr. Routh thinks the words an interpolation, of course before Augustin's time; and they may perhaps have been inserted by some one who had Cyprian's later letter to Stephen before his mind. Rel. Sac. iii. p. 194.

60 Segermi church province of Byzacium. A Nicomedes occurs in Cypr. Epp. lvii., lxvii., lxx.

61 Conc. Carth, sec. 9.

62 Girba, formerly Meninx (Lotophagitis), an island to the south-east of the Lesser Syrtis belonged to church province of Tripolis. For Bp. Monnulus, see Cypr. Ep. lvii.

63 In baptismi trinitate. "Quia trina immersione expediebatur, in nomine Patris, Filii, et S. Spiritus."-Bishop Fell.

64 Matt. xxviii. 19.

65 Erroris offectura. Other readings are "offensa" and "effectura."

66 Conc. Carth. sec. 10.

67 Cedias (Cedia) has been identified, but without sufficient reason, with Quidias, or Quiza, in Mauritania Caesariensis for both places have bishops at the Collation of 411. A Bp. Secundinus is mentioned in Cypr. Epp. lvii., lxvii., but whether these refer to him of Cedias or him of Carpos (ch. 31) cannot be decided.

68 Matt. xii. 30.

69 1 John ii. 18.

70 Conc. Carth. sec. 11.

71 Matt. vii. 22, 23.

72 Bagai, in church province of Numidia. See on I. 5. 7. Among the many of the name of Felix in the letters of Cyprian, lvi., lvii., lxvii; title 1, 6, lxx., lxxvi. bis, lxxvii., lxxix., title and text, it would be unsafe to decide a sure reference to distinguish between this and the other bishops of the same cognomen in this council.

73 Matt. xv. 14.

74 Conc. Carth. sec. 12.

75 1 Cor. xv. 32.

76 Rom. viii. 6.

77 Mileum, Milevis, Mileve, in ecclesiastical province of Numidia, noted as the seat of two Councils 402 A.D. and 416 A.D.; also as the See of Optatus. Polianus is most likely to be identified with the one in Cypr. Epp. lxxvi., lxxix.

78 Conc. Cath. sec. 13.

79 Hippo Regius, the see of Augustin himself, in ecclesiastical province of Numidia.

80 Conc. Carth. sec. 14.-C. D. H.