78 Probably a mistranslation of Exod. xxiii. 26.

79 1 Cor. vii. 29.

80 ib. vii. 32, vii. 33.

81 1 Cor. vii. 34.

82 Gen. xviii. 11.

83 Gen. xxi. 12.

84 1 Cor. vii. 34.

85 1 Cor. vii. 25.

86 Matt. xxiv. 19: S. Mark xiii. 17.

1 From this expression and that quoted in the notice above, it would be supposed that Jerome knew Jovinianus and his mode of life. But there is no reason to think that he had this knowledge; and his imputations against his adversary must be taken as the inferences which he draws tom his opinions.

2 Hor. Ars Poet. 139.

3 Pers. Sat. iii. 118.

4 Plautus, Pseudolus, i. 1. 23.

Interpretari alium potesse neminem.

5 The allusion is probably to the Sybilline books.

6 Aen x. 640.

7 The philosopher of Ephesus. Flourished about b.c. 513.

8 Ibi est distinctio. Instead of clearness we have to make a choice between possible meanings.

9 Marcion lived about a.d. 150, and was co-temporary with Polycarp, who is said to have had a personal encounter with him at Rome. Unlike other Gnostics he professed to be purely Christian in his doctrines. He is specially noted for his violent treatment of Scripture: he rejected the whole of the Old Testament, while of the New he acknowledged only the Gospel of S. Luke and ten of S, Paul's Epistles, and from these he expunged whatever he did not approve of. His sect lasted until the sixth century.

10 By birth an Assyrian, and a pupil of Justin Martyr. His followers were called Encratites, or Temperates, from their great austerity. They also bore the names Water-drinkers and Renouncers.

11 Heb. xiii. The Revised Ver. translates "let marriage be, etc." There is no verb in the original, the sentence being probably designed to be a Christian proverb, and capable of serving either as an assertion or as a precept. The revised rendering is preferred by the chief modern commentators.

12 Gen. i. 28.

13 For much interesting information relating to counting on the fingers, and for authorities on the subject, see Mayor's note on Juvenal x. 249.

14 The philosopher of Crotona, in Italy, b.c. 580-510. See some of his sayings in Jerome's Apology, iii. 39-40.

15 The great teacher of the Academy at Athens; lived b.c. 428-389.

16 Surnamed the "Just." He was the opponent of Themistocles. He fought at Marathon (490), and although in exile did good service at Salamis (480). He was now recalled, and after commanding the Athenians at Plataea (479) died, probably in 468, so poor that he did not leave enough to pay for his funeral.

17 Flourished about b.c. 370. A disciple of Socrates, and founder of the Cyrenaic School of Philosophy; he was luxurious in his life, and held pleasure to be the highest good.

18 Epicurus (b.c. 342-270), though a disciple of Aristippus, does not appear to have deserved the odium attached to his name by Jerome and many others. "Pleasure with him was not a mere momentary and transitory sensation, but something lasting and imperishable, consisting in pure and noble enjoyments. that is, in ataracia and aponia, or the freedom from pain and from all influences which disturb the peace of our mind, and thereby our happiness which is the result of it." See Zeller's Socrates and the Socratic Schools (Reichel's translation), second ed., p. 337 sq.

19 The famous Athenian, talented, reckless and unscrupulous; born about b.c. 450, assassinated 404.

20 Gen. ii. 24.

21 Matt. xix. 5.

22 Gen. i. 28; Gen. ix. 1.

23 Gen. ix. 1.

24 Gen. ix. 3.

25 Gen. xxv. 23.

26 Gen. xxx. 1.

27 Gen. xxx. 2.

28 Palo. Rev. Vers. tent-pin.

29 Ps. lxxii. 1.

30 Ps. lxxii. 15.

31 Is. xxxviii. 19. Sept.

32 1 Tim. v. 14.

33 Hebr. xiii. 4. See note on sec. 3.

34 1 Cor. vii. 39.

35 1 Tim. ii. 14.

36 1 Cor. vii. 29.

37 1 Cor. vii. 1 sq.

38 Prov. vi. 27, Prov. vi. 28.

39 Mithras was the God of the Sun among the Persians. His worship was introduced at Rome under the Emperors, and thence spread over the empire.

40 Son of Vulcan, king of Athens, and the first to drive a four-in-hand, Virg. G. iii. 113: "First to the chariot, Ericthonius dared four steeds to join, and o'er the rapid wheels victorious hang."

41 1 Pet. iii. 7.

42 1 Pet. iii. 2, 1 Pet. iii. 3.

43 1 John ii. 6.

44 1 Cor. vii. 7.

45 2 Cor. ii. 7.

46 2 Cor. ii. 10. Margin.

47 Ps. xlv. 9, Ps. xlv. 13, Ps. xlv. 14.

48 1 Peter iii. 7, joined with 1 Peter iv. 10.

49 1 Cor. vii. 8.

50 Tit. i. 12.

51 1 Cor. xv. 33.

52 Acts xvii. 28.

53 1 Cor. vii. 10 sq.

54 2 Cor. vi. 14 sq.

55 1 Cor. vii. 39.

56 Mal. ii. 11, Mal. ii. 12.