Josephus: all the Manuscripts

This list is translated or paraphrased from Schreckenberg's excellent volume.  No attempt at reorganisation has been made.


PREFACE TO THE LIST OF TEXT WITNESSES

The following list contains not only main or primary manuscript witnesses, but all manuscripts known to me. If no siglum is given, in most cases they are proven or supposed apographs of well-known manuscripts, or witnesses which because of their age or limited size are of no direct use for textual studies, or concern Mss. of the ancient translations or the Epitome Antiquitatum, just as Niese used in some degree, as secondary witnesses which are of limited use for the Greek Josephus, but may support a different text.  This should assist the reader to gain an overview of an unusually complex manuscript tradition, which Niese did not facilitate, as he not seldom cited manuscripts only sporadically across several volumes, which makes it hard to get an idea of the use he made of each.  I mean manuscripts listed only as Mediceus, Bodleianus, Regius, Vossianus etc, which label is also cited ----sometimes through editorial predecessors such as Hudson, Haverkamp and Cardwell ----, so that at first attempt one rarely knows with certainty which Vossianus, Regius, Bodleianus, Mediceus etc is meant.

Obviously individual text witnesses are presented in more or less detail, depending on relevance, but partially also depending on how much can be determined in detail today.  It is taken for granted that manuscripts which only contain Pseudo-Josephus (4. Maccabees, Peri\ th~j tou~ panto_j ou)si/aj) are not considered. That would have unnecessarily increased still further the extent of the following list.

A technical problem arises, as Niese -- contrary to a well-known editorial principle -- did not always refer using one and the same siglum to the same manuscript, but referred to one manuscript with a number of sigla.  Since the sigla cannot be considered unique, and a fresh organisation is not practicable at the present time, the choice is whether to make a list for each of the four transmission blocks (Bell. Jud.; Ant. Jud. 1-10; Ant. Jud. 11-20, Vita; Contra Apionen) or a combined list with identifiers.  [The latter was chosen].  The identifiers for the collections in Roman numerals are.

I = Bellum Judaicum 
II = Antiquitates Judaicae 1-10
III  = Antiquitates Judaicae 11-20, Vita
IV  = Contra Apionem

[...]


MANUSCRIPTS

Athos 

Monh_ Batopedi/ou

(I.II) Batopedianus 386. Parchment, 13th century, 410 pp. Contains the larger part of the first decade of Antiquitates Judaicae and the Bellum Judaicum.

Catalogue of the Greek Manuscripts in the Library of the Monastery of Vatopedi on Mt. Athos. By S. Eustratiades and Arcadios. Harvard Theological Studies XI. Cambridge (Harvard University Press) 1924, p. 73. See Rudberg, Eranos 54 (1956) 181. ---- Not in Niese.

(II)      Batopedianus 387. Paper, 1487AD, 324 pp. Contains the larger part of the first decade of Antiquitates Judaicae.

Eustratiades ---- Arcadios p. 74. Rudberg, Eranos 54 (1956) 181, assumed that this codex is a copy of the Batopedianus 386. ---- Not in Niese. --> Nachträge.

Monh_ Dionusi/ou

(III)    Dionysiou 194. Paper, 14th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Nr. 22 is the Testimonium Flavianum (Ant. Jud. 18, 63-64).

Spyr. P. Lambros, Catalogue of the Greek Manuscripts on Mount Athos. Volume I. Cambridge (Harvard University Press) 1895, S. 357-359, Nr. 3728. ---- Not in Niese.

Monh_ 'Ibh&rwn

(II.III) Iberon 92. Paper, 16th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Fol. 30r is a metrical excerpt from Ant. Jud. 3, 197; fol. 333V is the Testimonium Flavianum (Ant. Jud. 18, 63-64).

Lambros II (1900) p. 14-18, Nr. 4212. ---- Not in Niese.

Iberon 159. Paper, 15. century, Miscellaneous Ms. Fol. 1-18 contains two theological questions (1. Dia_ ti/ fhsin o( 'Apo&stoloj dida&skein yunaiki\ ou)k e0pitre/pw; 2. Potamo_j h]n o( xou~j o3n o( Qeo_j e1laben ei0j th_n tou~ 'Ada_m plastourgi/an;), Johannes Chrysostomus, Josephus and another are to be consulted for the answers.

Lambros II (1900) p. 38-39, Nr. 4279. ---- Not in Niese.

(II) Iberon 586. Paper, 17th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Fol. 354r is the story of Cain from Ant. Jud. 1, 52 ff.

Lambros II (1900) p. 176-177, Nr. 4706. ---- Not in Niese.

Monh_ Koutloumoumousi/ou

Koutloumousiou 178. Paper, 13th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Fol. 11r-13r contains some excerpts from the church fathers and Josephus.

Lambros I (1895) p. 292-293, Nr. 3251. ---- Not in Niese.

Monh_ Megi/sthj Lau&raj

(I) Lavra Η 158. Paper, 14th century, 236 pp. Contains incomplete the Bellum Judaicum.

Spyridon ---- Sophronios Eustratiades, Catalogue of the Greek Manuscripts in the Library of the Laura on Mount Athos. Cambridge (Harvard University Press) 1925 (= Harvard Theological Studies XII) p. 123, Nr. 813. See Stig Y. Rudberg, Les manuscrits à contenu profane du Mont-Athos, Eranos 54 (1956) 181.

(I) Lavra Θ 186. Paper, 15th century, 101 pp. Contains on fol. 48-101 a portion of the Bellum Judaicum.

Spyridon ---- Eustratiades (1925) p. 161, Nr. 1048. ---- Not in Niese.

Monh_ 9Agi/ou Panteleh&monoj

(II)      Panteleemonos 95. Parchment, 14th century. Made up of folios from older codices, among them four pages apparently containing Ant. Jud. Buch 6-7.

Lambros II (1900) p. 292, Nr. 5601. ---- Not in Niese.

Basle

Universitätsbibliothek

(III)    Basileensis A. VII. 1. Paper, 14th century. Contains the homilies of Gregory Nazianzen. Fol. 428 contains the Testimonium Flavianum (Ant. Jud. 18, 63-64).

H. Omont, Catalogue des Manuscrits grecs des bibliothèques de Suisse. Centralblatt für Bibliothekswesen 3 (1886), 385-442 (of which p. 401 ff., Nr. 34). ---- Not in Niese.

Berlin 

Staatsbibliothek

(Epit.) Berolinensis gr. 222 (Phillippicus 1625). Paper, 16th century, 371 pp. Contains the Epitome Antiquitatum.

Niese, Editio maior (1885 ff.) III p. XII; Ant. Jud. Epitome (1896) p. III. V-VI; Codices ex Bibliotheca Meermanniana Phillippici graeci nunc Berolinenses. Descripserunt Guilelmus Studemund et Leopoldus Cohn, Berlin 1890 (---- Part 1 in the collection "Verzeichniss der von der Königlichen Bibliothek zu Berlin erworbenen Meerman-Handschriften des Sir Thomas Philipps") p. 98.

(I) Berolinensis gr. 223 (Phillippicus 1626). Paper, 15-16th century, 269 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum. Related to the Vratislaviensis 283 and the Parisinus 1426. All are derived from the family represented by the Ms. Urbinas 84 (C). Niese used it only occasionally (Bell. Jud. 1, 188; 2, 624; 4, 298; 6, 373), and mainly for the page containing Bell. Jud. 1, 238 ff. missing from C.

Niese (1885 ff.) VI p. XI-XII. LIII-LV; Studemund ---- Cohn p. 98.

Berolinensis gr. 248 (fol. 8). Paper, 17th century. Contains among other things (written in 1631 AD) excerpts from Josephus, probably from a printed edition.

Verzeichniss der griechischen Handschriften der Königlichen Bibliothek zu Berlin. II. By C. De Boor (Berlin 1897) p. 125. ----Not in Niese.

(III) Berolinensis gr. 265 (fol. 27). Paper, 14-15th century, 72 pp. Originally contained Ant. Jud. Buch 11-20 (the second decade), and the Vita. Now contains only Ant. Jud. Buch 14-19. This manuscript offers a strongly contaminated text. Not considered by Niese.

Niese (1885 ff.) III p. XI-XII. XLIV-XLV; De Boor p. 137-138.

(Lat. I. II) Berolinensis lat. 226. Niese used it only for Bell. Jud. 4, 503; Ant. Jud. 18, 140.

Niese (1885 ff.) VI p. XXI ; Franz Blatt, The Latin Josephus I (Aarhus 1958) p. 83-84. 110.

Berne

Burgerbibliothek

(Lat. II) Bernensis lat. 118.

Niese (1885 ff.) I p. XXVIII; Franz Rühl, Literarisches Centralblatt 1888, 1552; Franz Blatt, The Latin Josephus I (Aarhus 1958) p. 44. 110; Otto Homburger, Die illustrierten Handschriften der Burgerbibliothek Bern (Bern 1962) p. 42-44.

Bologna 

Biblioteca Universitaria

(I.III) Bononiensis gr. 3568. Paper, 14-15th century, 166 pp. Contains on fol. 1-4 Hypotheseis from Bell. Jud. Book 1-7, fol. 4V the Testimonium Flavianum (Ant. Jud. 18, 63-64), as well as the passage on John the Baptist, Ant. Jud. 18, 116-119 (Tisi\ de\ -kti/nnutai), fol. 5-119 Bell. Jud. Book 1-7, fol. 119v-131 the Vita, fol. 132 ff. Philo.

Thomas William Allen, Notes on Greek Manuscripts in Italian Libraries (London 1890) p. 27; A. Olivieri et N. Festa, Indice dei codici greci delle Biblioteche Universitaria e Communale di Bologna, in: Studi Italiani di Filologia Classica 3 (1895) 385-495 (esp. p. 435) ; See Catalogi codicum graecorum qui in minoribus bibliothecis Italicis asservantur. In duo Volumina collati et novissimis additamentis aucti. Volumen primum. Accuravit Christa Samberger (Leipzig 1965) p. 435 for the codices Bononienses. ---- Not in Niese.

Cambridge 

University Library

(IV) Cantabrigiensis Ll. IV. 12 (Eliensis). Paper, 15th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains fol. 1-21 Contra Ap. 1, 1-2, 133.

Ch. Daremberg, Notices et extraits des manuscrits médicaux grecs etc. I. Manuscrits grecs d'Angleterre (Paris 1853) p. 166; H. R. Luard, A Catalogue of the Mss. preserved in the Library of the University of Cambridge, 5 parts, Cambridge 1856-1867 (part IV, p. 61-62).----Not in Niese, who erroneously thought that Hudson's codex Eliensis was the Parisinus gr. 1815; See below for notes against the Parisinus gr. 1815.

(III) Cantabrigiensis gr. (Caius College Nr. 355). Paper, 15-16th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains on fol. 159-186 part of the 11th and 12th books of Antiquitates Judaicae (11, 1-81; 12, 58-95. 115-157. 167-209. 221-232. 324-412).

Catalogi librorum manuscriptorum Angliae et Hiberniae in unum collecti cum indice alphabetico (Oxford 1697), among the Codices manuscripti Collegii Caio - Gonvilensis, Nr. 948, 7, p. 115; J. J. Smith, A Catalogue of the Mss. in the Library of Gonville and Caius College (Cambridge 1849) p. 169-170; Montague Rhode James, A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of Gonville and Caius College, Volume II (Cambridge 1908) p. 403; Raphael Loewe, Hebrew Books and 'Judaica' in Mediaeval Oxford and Cambridge. In: Remember the Days. Essays on Anglo-Jewish History presented to Cecil Roth (London 1966) 23-48 (p. 46 as codex Nr. 355). ---- Not in Niese.

Cheltenham

T (I.III) Cheltenhamensis (Phillippicus) 6459. Paper, 11-12th century, contains the Bellum Judaicum and Ant. Jud. 18, 63-64 (Test. Flav.). One page (Bell. Jud. 1, 608-619) is written in a younger (13th century) hand. Niese only used it where the Vaticanus gr. 147 (V) was defective, to which it is closely related, and via a collation by Cardwell (1837).

Flavii Josephi de Bello Judaico libri septem, ed. Edvardus Cardwell (Oxford 1837) I p. VII; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XVII. XLII-XLIII; Bibliotheca Patrum Latinorum Britannica. Edited by Heinrich Schenkl. Volume 1, part two. Die Phillips'sche Bibliothek in Cheltenham. Wien 1892 (= H. Schenkl, Bibliotheca Patrum Latinorum Britannica I-III. Hildesheim ----New York, Georg Olms Verlag, 1969) p. 84, Nr. 1629.

Escorial 

Bibl. de San Lorenzo del Escorial

(II.III) Escorialensis gr. 307 (304). Paper, written in 1542 in Venice, 652 pp. Contains fol. 1-618 Ant. Jud. books 1-20, fol. 619-652 the Vita. This codex was in the possesion of Diego Hurtado Mendozas, the envoy of Charles V in Venice, and was used by Arnoldus Peraxylus Arlenius for printing the Editio princeps (1544). for this reason, rather than from any investigation, Niese presumed that the Escorialensis 307 was related to the Laurentianus 69, 10 and ---- indirectly through the Marcianus 380 ---- derived from the Marcianus 381 (M). 

E. Miller, Catalogue des manuscrits grecs de la Bibliothèque de l'Escurial. Amsterdam (Hakkert) 1966 (= reprint of the Paris edition of 1848) p. 266-267; Flavii Josephi opera ed B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XVII-XVIII. LXV-LXVI; Catâlogo de los codices griegos de la Real Biblioteca de el Escorial. Por Gregorio de Andres. II. Codices 179-420 (Madrid 1965) p. 191-192.

(II) Escorialensis gr. 462. Miscellaneous Ms. Contains fol. 319 (12th century.) Ant. Jud. 1, 237-241.

Gregorio de Andres III (Madrid 1967) p. 62-64. ---- Not in Niese.

Florence

Bibl. Mediceo-Laurentiana

(IV) Laurentianus 28, 29. Paper, 15th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains extensive excerpts from Contra Ap. 1,73-252. A descendant of the extant Laurentianus 69, 22 (L).

Angelo Maria Bandini, Catalogus Codicum Manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Mediceae Laurentianae etc. accuravit Fridolf Kudlien, II (Leipzig 1961, a reprint of vol. II of the Florence 1768 edition with additions) Sp. 53-54, Nr. 7; Flavii Josephi opera ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) V p. VII. X (n. 1).

(II) M(III) Laurentianus 69, 10. Paper, 14-16th century. Contains Ant. Jud. books 1-20 and the Vita. The manuscript contains heterogeneous components of different periods. Niese used (apart from Ant. Jud. 8, 154) only the older part (from Ant. Jud. 12, 199). The recent part depends on the Marcianus 380. M (in collection III) is closely related to A (A corr in the third pentad of Ant. Jud.) and W.

Bandini II pp. 629-630; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XVII. LXV; III p. VIII-IX. XXIX-XXXIV. ---- The report by  Krawczynski-Riedinger (Byzant. Zeitschr. 57, 1964, 8 n. 11) that Laurentianus 69, 10 was used by Ralph Marcus (Josephus with an English Translation by Thackeray, Marcus, Wikgren, Feldman, London 1926 ff.) following Neise is unfounded.

N (I) Laurentianus 69, 17. 12th century, 225 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum. N is closely related to the Palatinus Vaticanus gr. 284 (R) and the Lipsiensis gr. 37, without being a copy of either. Niese considered N ---- via a collation by Cardwell (Flavii Josephi de Bello Judaico libri septem, Oxford 1837) ---- as a substitute to use when R failed.

Bandini II Sp. 639; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XII. XLV.

L (I) Laurentianus 69, 19. Parchment, 11-12th century, 363 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum. The loss of some pages has been made good in a younger hand. These are  Bell. Jud. 6, 389-399; 7, 375-388. The manuscript offers ---- by comparison with the well-known grouping of manuscripts into families or classes ---- a contaminated text (mixed text), which also has some singular interpolations.  However, together with the Latin and Eusebius, it not seldom contains the best text.

Bandini II pp. 640; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. VIII-IX. XXXIII-XXXVI; Eusebius Werke. Zweiter Band : Die Kirchengeschichte. Ed. by Eduard Schwartz. Dritter Teil (Leipzig 1909) p. CLXIII-CLXIV.

L (II) F (III)  Laurentianus 69, 20. Paper, 14th century, 198 pp. Contains Ant. Jud. Buch 1-15 and 4 Maccabees. It has a strongly contaminated text. Binding errors link this manuscript nearest to the Vaticanus 147 (V); less closely (for collection III) to the Palatinus Vaticanus 14 (P) and the Lugdunensis 16 J (L). The Laurentianus 69, 20, which seldom is the only one with the best text, has only been partially considered by Niese.

Bandini II Sp. 640; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XIV-XVI. XLVIII-LII; III p.V. XXIV-XXIX.

L (IV) Laurentianus 69, 22. 11th century, 38 pp. Contains Contra Ap. books 1-2; missing are 2,51-113. This lacuna (and exceedingly Verderbnisse) is found in all the younger Greek Mss. of Contra Apionem, which are thereby shown to be direct or indirect copies of the Laurentianus 69, 22. This manuscript does not offer a text of the  best quality, with additions and modifications by a Christian hand, particularly Contra Ap. 2, 163-217. An Textzeugniswert übertreffen diesen Kodex oft die The Constantinian excerpts often offer a better text than this codex, as does the Latin translation, and even Eusebius. However the negative evaluation of this manuscript by Niese seems to be excessive.

Bandini II pp. 641-642; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) V p. IV-VI. IX sqq.; Flavii Josephii opera recognovit B. Niese (Berlin 1888-1895) V p. III; Alfred von Gutschmid, Kleine Schriften (Leipzig 1889-1894) IV p. 375; Franz Rühl, Rheinisches Museum 48 (1893) 565; Théodore Reinach, Flavius Josephe Contre Apion (Paris 1930) p. VIII; K. Mras, Rheinisches Museum 92 (1944) 220.

(Epit.) Laurentianus 69, 23. 14th century. Contains the Epitome Antiquitatum. Only occasionally used by Niese in his Editio maior (for Ant. Jud. 20, 157. 171. 258).

Bandini II pp. 642-643; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XIX-XX; III p. XII. LXIV; IV p. IV. VII; Flavii Josephi Antiquitatum Judaicarum Epitoma, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1896) p. III. V-VI.

(I.) Laurentianus 69, 36. 14th century, 214 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum. Belongs to the periphery of the group of manuscripts centered on the Urbinas 84 (C). In Niese (for Bell. Jud. 1, 155. 572; 3, 103) this codex is referred to only as "Med.(icaeus)", following Cardwell (Flavii Josephi de Bello Judaico libri septem, Oxford 1837), whose collation he used. 

Bandini II pp. 649; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XII. LI. LIII.

(I) Laurentianus 74,13. 15th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains fol. 290 Bell. Jud. 6, 201-212, fol. 309 Bell. Jud. 3, 374-378, fol. 343 Bell. Jud. 2, 117-166.

Bandini III pp. 115. ---- Not in Niese.

(Lat. II) Laurentianus lat. 66, 1.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XXIX; The Latin Josephus, ed. Franz Blatt (Aarhus 1958) I p. 32. 107.

L(Lat. II) Laurentianus lat. 66, 2. Appears in Niese with the Siglum L in the lacuna Contra Ap. 2, 51-113.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) V p. VIII ; Flavii Josephi opera ex versione latina antiqua, ed. Carolus Boysen. Pars VI. De Judaeorum vetustate sive contra Apionem libri II (Prag ---- Wien ---- Leipzig 1898) p. II-III; The Latin Josephus, ed. Franz Blatt (Aarhus 1958) I S. 28.107.

Heidelberg 

Universitätsbibliothek

(II.III) Palatinus (Heidelbergensis) gr. 129. Paper, Middle of the 14th century, Miscellaneous Ms, 141 pp. Contains excerpts from different books.  Some or all of those from Antiquitates Judaicae were copied from a manuscript of the Epitome.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XXX. LXII; III p. XV. XLIII; Codices manuscripti Palatini graeci Bibliothecae Vaticanae descripti etc. recensuit et digessit Henricus Stevenson Senior (Rom 1885) p. 61-62; Artur Biedl, Der Heidelberger cod. Pal. gr. 129 ---- die Notizensammlung eines byzantinischen Gelehrten. Würzburger Jahrbücher für die Altertumswissenschaft 3 (1948) 100-105.

Copenhagen 

Kongelige Bibliotek

(I.II) Hafniensis (Rostgaardianus) 1569. Paper, End of the 14th century. Contains the Bellum Judaicum and the Testimonium Flavianum (Ant. Jud. 18, 63-64). The contaminated text of this manuscript,  often contaminated by changes and additions, is closely related to VR, and is also connected by common features to the Lugdunensis fol. gr. 72 and other codices. Only occasionally mentioned by Niese (Bell. Jud. 1, 228. 646; 2, 520; 4, 70. 547-649; 5, 316.360; 6, 72.93).

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XVII. XLIX-L; Articles originaux publiés dans divers recueils par Charles Graux. Édition posthume... par Ch.-Émilé Ruelle (Paris 1893), of which pp. 225-336: "Rapport sur les manuscrits grecs de Copenhague" (S. 266-267 zum Kodex 1569).

(IV) Hafniensis J570. Paper, 15th century. Contains Contra Apionem. Like every other Ms. of Contra Apionem, it is descended from Laurentianus 69, 22. Used by  Niese for Contra Ap. 1, 81 (indirectly through Hudson).

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) V p. VI. X; Graux p. 267.

Leiden 

Bibliotheek der Rijksuniversiteit

(III) Vossianus gr. F 26 (Lugduno-Batavus, L.B., Voss, in Niese). Paper, 15-16th century. Contains Ant. Jud. Buch 12-20 and the Vita. An apograph of Ambrosianus 370 (A). Niese made only sporadic use of this Ms. (Ant. Jud. 12,150; 16,76.228.251; 17,84; 18,337; 19, 135. 149- 294), via the references in Hudson (Flavii Josephi opera, Oxford 1720) and Haverkamp (Flavii Josephi opera, Amsterdam-Leiden-Utrecht 1726) .

W. Senguerd, J. Gronovius, J. Heyman, Catalogus librorum tam impressorum quam manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Publicae Universitatis Lugduno-Batavae (Leiden 1716) p. 392; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) III p. XII. XLV. LIV; Bibliotheca Academica Lugduno-Batavae. Catalogus. Deel XIV. Inventaris van de Handschriften. Eerste Afdeeling (Leiden 1932) p. 18; Bibliotheca Universitatis Leidensis. Codices manuscripti. VI. Codices Vossiani Graeci et miscellanei. Descripsit K. A. De Meyier (Leiden 1955) p. 28-29.

(I.III) Vossianus gr. F 72 (Lugduno-Batavus, L.B., Voss, bei Niese). Paper, 1st half of the 15th century, 138 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum, into which is inserted at 2, 167 the Testimonium Flavianum (Ant. Jud. 18, 63-64). It lacks Bell. Jud. 7, 234-455. The strongly contaminated text has most in common with the Vaticanus gr. 148 (V) and the Palatinus Vaticanus gr. 284 (R). Scholarly correctors of the 16th and 17th century have emended it, often with good results. Niese considered the good readings of this Ms. as resulting from conjecture rather than transmission, and so only used it eclectically (e.g. Bell. Jud. 1, 72. 93. 128. 200. 201. 209. 250. 374), and particularly following the materials in Hudson (Flavii Josephi opera, Oxford 1720) and Haverkamp (Flavii Josephi opera, Amsterdam-Leiden-Utrecht 1726). In Naber (Flavii Josephi opera omnia, Leipzig 1888-1896), who often gives more accurate data because of direct contact with the Ms., it is given as agreeing with the Vossianus gr. F 72 in 82 places, in Niese in 9 places (two of these are conjectures -- a characteristic of this Ms. -- not from the text, namely Bell. Jud. 1, 209; 4, 558). Niese's horror of conjectures  conceals the fact that good conjectures, as in secondary manuscripts can restore a corrupt text. Also it should be considered that the good readings of the Vossianus are not solely due to conjecture, but partly come into the text in the process of contamination.

Catalogus librorum etc. (Leiden 1716) p. 395 ; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XIV. XLVI-XLVIII; Flavii Josephi opera omnia, ed. S. A. Naber, V p. V; Paul Wendland, Deutsche Litteraturzeitung 1896, 1070; Carl Frick, Berliner Philologische Wochenschrift 1897, 646; Bibliotheca Academica etc. (1932) p. 20; De Meyier p. 84-85; See A Summary Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library at Oxford. . . by Falconer Madan, V (Oxford 1905) p. 54, Nr. 24727 (contains fol. 132 a partial collation of the Vossianus against Haverkamp's edition [Amsterdam-Leiden-Utrecht 1726]).

L (III) Lugdunensis 16 J (erroneously "F 13" in Niese). Parchment, 11-12th century, 210 pp. Contains Ant. Jud. Buch 11-15. Related to the Laurentianus 69, 20 (F) and Vaticanus gr. 147 (V); none of the links to the Palatinus Vaticanus gr. 14 (p) permit us to assume contamination.

J. H. Holwerda, Emendationum Flavianarum specimen, Gorinchemi 1847 (in the unpaginated introduction); Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) III p. V-VI. XXVI-XXIX; Bibliotheca Academica etc. (1932) p. 90; Bibliotheca Universitatis Leidensis. Codices Manuscripti. VIII. Codices Bibliothecae Publicae Graeci. Descripsit K. A. De Meyier adiuvante E. Hulshoff Pol. (Leiden 1965) p. 23-24.

(II) Vossianus Misc. 7. Fol. 54-55 (17th century) contains Ant. Jud. 9, 218-265.

Catalogus librorum etc. (Leiden 1716) p. 401-402; De Meyier p. 238-240. ---- Not in Niese.

(I) Vossianus gr. Q 13. Contains fol. 43-48 (17th century) the Agrippa story from Bell. Jud. 2,345-404.

Catalogus librorum etc. (Leiden 1716) p. 395-396 ; De Meyier p. 107-108. ---- Not in Niese.

Leipzig 

Bibliothek der Universität

(II)      Lipsiensis gr. 16 (361). Parchment, scrapbook-manuscript, of which the oldest part was written in the 9-10th century. Fol. 322-325 contains an excerpt from Ant. Jud. Buch 10, which however agrees neither with the Epitome Antiquitatum nor with Zonaras.

Katalog der Handschriften der Universitätsbibliothek zu Leipzig, III. Die griechischen Handschriften. Von V. Gardt-hausen (Leipzig 1898) p. 21. ---- Not in Niese.

(I) Lipsiensis gr. 37 (738). Parchment, 10-11th century, 289 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum and (from fol. 271) 4 Maccabees. Copied from the same exemplar as Palatinus gr. 284 (R), thus only used eclectically by Niese (e.g. Bell. Jud. 1, 36.155. 276. 292. 302. 390. 410. 419. 437). Fol. 1-23 are later (14th century) supplemented from the closely related Urbinas gr. 84 (C).

A. Westermann, Excerptorum ex bibliothecae Paulinae Lipsiensis libris manuscriptis pars altera (Leipzig 1866, 16 S.) gives a collation with Bell. Jud. book 5; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XIII-XIV. XLIII-XLV; Gardthausen p. 49-50.

Milan 

Bibliotheca Ambrosiana

(Lat. II) Ambrosianus papyraceus. 6-7th century.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XXVIII ; The Latin Josephus, ed. Franz Blatt (Aarhus 1958) I S. 26-27. 107.

(Lat. II) Ambrosianus A 122 inf.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) III p. XIV.

(I) Ambrosianus 139 (B 119 sup.). Parchment, 10th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains (with gaps) fol. 146 Bell. Jud. 1, 373-379; 2, 345-367. 396. 400. 401; 4. 163-166. 168. 173-179. 185. 189-191; 6, 34-53.

Catalogus codicum graecorum Bibliothecae Ambrosianae. Digesserunt Aemidius Martini et Dominicus Bassi. 2 Bde. (Milan 1906) I p. 157-160. ---- Not in Niese.

A (I) A (II) Ambrosianus 234 (D 50 sup.). Parchment, start of the 11th century, 289 pp. Contains on fol. 1-269 the Bellum Judaicum, fol. 269-285 Ant. Jud. 2, 196-349. Small passages are missing or added by a later hand. For collection I this Ambrosianus is very similar to Parisinus gr. 1425 (p); but distinct errors show that the two are separate branches of the transmission. Niese overrated the value of the Ambrosianus 234 (see Parisinus gr. 1425). For collection II the Ambrosianus offers a text closely related to the group MSPL ---- Niese erroneously (Flavii Josephi opera, Berlin 1885-1895) I p. LXI included the Vaticanus gr. 147 (v).

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895 I p. XXIX. LXI; VI p. VI-VII. XXIX-XXXI; H. van Herwerden, Mnemosyne 21 (1893) 263; Martini-Bassi I S. 262-263; M. L. Gengaro-Fr. Leoni-G. Villa, Codici decorati e miniati dell' Ambrosiana ebraici e greci, Milano [sine anno] p. 112.

(I) Ambrosianus 270 (E 9 sup.). Paper, start of the 14th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains excerpts from the Bellum Judaicum. Niese used only samples from it.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XIX. LVI; Martini-Bassi I p. 298-302.

(I.II.III) Ambrosianus 290 (E 64 sup.). Paper, 15th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains on fol. 125-126 Ant. Jud. 3, 179-187; 18, 63-64. 116-119; Bell. Jud. 5, 393 ff. ---- Not considered by Niese. 

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XXX; III p. XV; Martini-Bassi I p. 319-325.

(I.III) Ambrosianus 350 (F 93 sup.). Paper, 13th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains excerpts from the Bellum Judaicum and the Testimonium Flavianum (Ant. Jud. 18, 63-64).

D. Bassi, Estratti da Flavio Giuseppe in un cod. Ambrosiano. Rendiconti Istit. Lomb. disc, e lett., ser. II vol. 36 (1903) 707-715; Martini-Bassi I p. 405-408. ---- Not in Niese.

A (III) Ambrosianus 370 (F 128 sup. ; Niese in vol. IV p. III erroneously calls it "F 128 inf."). Parchment, 11th century, 389 (379) pp. Contains Ant. Jud. Buch 11-20 and the Vita. Damaged at the beginning. It lacks Ant. Jud. 16, 18-30. The missing part 11, 184-280 has been added in a younger hand (according to Niese from L). In the third pentad of Antiquitates Judaicae it shows a very close relation in the group AMW to AM, especially to Acorr M, while Aante corr (A1) is closer to W.There is also a connection between A and the usually opposed group PF(L)V, and particularly P. In the fourth pentad the commonality of AMW loosens, in that a three-way split becomes noticeable: Aante corr (A1), MW, and Acorr, so that A moves still closer to P than in the third pentad. Acorr often offers a longer text, raising the suspicion of interpolation. In the Vita the quality of A diminishes by comparison with MW. Naber (Flavii Josephi opera omnia, Leipzig 1888-1896) III p. IV differs from Niese in preferring A before P, not without reason, and prefers MW to either. The Josephus-exemplar, that Eusebius used during the composition of the Church History, supports this positive evaluation of A, and through some agreements with MW also supports their value.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) III p. VI-VIII. XXIX-XXXIV; Martini-Bassi I p. 436; Eusebius Werke. Zweiter Band: Die Kirchengeschichte. Hg. von Eduard Schwartz. Dritter Teil (Leipzig 1909) p. CLXXX.

Ambrosianus 409 (G 69 sup.). Paper, 15th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains on fol. 341r excerpts from Oreibasios and the Antiquitates Judaicae.

Martini-Bassi I p. 488-493. ---- Not in Niese.

Ambrosianus 945 (D 246 inf.). Paper, 16th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains on fol. 77-80 an investigation, "Observationes in locum Polybii ubi agit de Figura Italiae" (so Martini-Bassi), containing many citations from Appian, Diodorus Siculus, Dionysius of Halikarnassus, Flavius Josephus and Polybius.

Martini-Bassi II p. 1042-1043. ---- Not in Niese.

Naples 

Biblioteca Nazionale

Neapolitanus II. C. 32 (erroneously II. C. 33 in Cyrillus). Paper, 15th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains on fol. 318 excerpts from Flavius Josephus.

Codices Graeci Mss. Regiae Bibliothecae Borbonicae descripti atque illustrati a Salvatore Cyrillo (2 Bde. Neapel 1826-1832) II p. 5-6. ---- Not in Niese.

(I.III) Neapolitanus III. B. 17. Paper, 14th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Fol. 1-99 contains the Bellum Judaicum as well as the Testimonium Flavianum (Ant. Jud. 18, 63-64). Not considered by Niese.

Cyrillus II p. 319; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XIV. XLIII.

(I.II.III) Neapolitanus III. B. 18. Paper, 14th century, 93 pp. Contains in continuous order excerpts from Ant. Jud. Buch 4-18 (beginning at 4, 96) and (on fol. 77-93) from the Bellum Judaicum, beginning at 2, 119. This Neapolitanus is not considered by Niese (apart from Ant. Jud. 4, 97) because of its substantial agreement with V for collection I, with LV for collection II, with V in the third pentad of Antiquitates Judaicae and with MW in the fourth pentad.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XXX. LXII; III p. XV. XLIII. LVI; VI p. XIX. LVI; Cyrillus II p. 320.

(I) Neapolitanus III. B. 19. Paper, end of the 15th century, 207 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum. The beginning (1,1-5) is missing; the seventh book has many gaps, particularly at the end. In general close to PA, especially A, but there are many links with the contamination in VR. Not considered by Niese.

Cyrillus II p. 321; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) IV p. XIV-XV. XL-XLII.

(Lat. II) Neapolitanus lat. V F 34. Mentioned by Niese for Ant. Jud. 11, 148.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XXIX; III p. XIV; The Latin Josephus, ed. Franz Blatt (Aarhus 1958) I p. 27-28. 107.

New Haven 

Yale University Library

(III) Yale Nr. 275. Paper, 14th century, 32 pp. Contains the Vita.

Supplement to the Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Originated by C. U. Faye, continued and edited by W. H. Bond (New York 1962) p. 48. ---- Not in Niese.

Oxford 

Bodleian Library

(II.Ill) Baroccianus 30. 14th century, 64 pp. Contains excerpts from Ant. Jud. books 1-12. Not considered by Niese.

Catalogi librorum manuscriptorum Angliae et Hiberniae in unum collecti cum indice alphabetico (Oxford 1697) I 1, p. 4; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XXX. LXII; III p. XV.

(III) Baroccianus 142. Paper, 14th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains on fol. 205v-211 heavily epitomised excerpts from Antiquitates Judaicae and the Vita. De Boor showed that the ascription of this text to Nikephoros Kallistos Xanthopulos was a falsification, who therefore did not deliberately amend the transmitted text.  Thus the Baroccianus must be placed here and not in the secondary tradition.

Catalogi librorum etc. I 1, p. 19; C. De Boor, Zur Kenntnis der Handschriften der griechischen Kirchenhistoriker. Codex Baroccianus 142. Zeitschr. f. Kirchengesch. (Gotha) 6 (1884) 478-494. ---- Not in Niese.

(I) Baroccianus 151. Paper, 15th century, 315 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum. Seems to be an apograph of the Hafniensis 1569. Niese used it occasionally (Bell. Jud. 1, 42. 228. 343; 2, 520) and indirectly via the materials of Bernard (Flavii Josephi Antiquitatum Judaicarum libri quatuor priores et pars magna quinti. . . Item Historiarum de Bello Judaico liber primus et pars secundi etc., Oxford 1700) and Hudson (Flavii Josephi opera, Oxford 1720).

Catalogi librorum etc. I 1, p. 20; H. O. Coxe, Catalogus codicum manuscriptorum qui in collegiis aulisque Oxoniensibus hodie adservantur. I 1 (Oxford 1853) p. 264; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XV. L.

O (II.III) Bodleianus 186. Paper, 15th century. Contains Ant. Jud. book 1-12, 39. Is very similar to the Parisinus gr. 1421 (R), but was not copied from this (somewhat older) manuscript, but both are descendants of the same exemplar, as separation errors show the independence of O. Niese overrates the value of RO so strongly, that he not seldom prefers the readings from the incomprehensible or plainly incorrect hypearchetype to the excellent readings of other Mss. For collection III, Niese only partially used the Bodleianus. It is closely related to LA(W), but has also been influenced by PFLV and must be considered a contaminated text.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. X-XI. XXXII-XXXIV; III p. X-XI. XLIII-XLIV.

Bodleianus 15566 (Bigotianus). 17th century. Contains a collection of E. Bigotius' manuscript readings from Italian Josephus codices. The Laurentianus 69, 22 is the ultimate source of all these readings. Niese cited the Bigotianus (indirectly through Hudson) for Bell. Jud. 5, 145. 531; Contra Ap. 1, 81.

A Summary Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library at Oxford. . . by Falconer Madan. Ill (Oxford 1895) p. 437.

Canonicianus 56. Paper, 16th century. Miscellaneous Ms, 499 pp. Fol. 165 ff contains pieces of a theological nature, including mentions of Josephus.

Catalogi codicum manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Bodleianae pars tertia, codices graecos et latinos Canonicianos complectens. Confecit Henricus O. Coxe (Oxford 1854) Pp. 63-65. ---- Not in Niese.

C (Lat. I. II) Canonicianus lat. 148. Given the siglum C for Contra Ap. 2, 51-113, as well as Contra Ap. 2, 25. 277.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) III p. XIV; V p. VIII; Flavii Josephi opera ex versione latina etc, ed. Carolus Boysen. Pars VI. De Judaeorum vetustate sive Contra Apionem libri II (Prag-Wien-Leipzig 1898) p. VII-VIII ; The Latin Josephus, ed. Franz Blatt (Aarhus 1958) I S. 28. 100.

New College

NC (III) OxoniensisNovi Collegii 44. Parchment, 11th century, Miscellaneous Ms, 231 pp. Fol. 218v sqq. contain Ant. Jud. 12, 1-245, but not always in the exact words of  Josephus, but augmented with numerous additions from chronographic literature, so that it becomes a kind of historical preface-compendium to the next text, 4 Maccabees. This large piece (known as Syncellus' "Ptolemaikon" because of its contents) offers a contaminated text, closest to FLV. Used by Niese only for Ant. Jud. 12, 2.7.35. 118.123.130.150.192.223.224.

H. O. Coxe, Catalogus codicum I 7, p. 11; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) III p. XV-XVI. XLVIII-XLIX.

Paris 

Bibliothèque Nationale

(III) Parisinus gr. 961. 14th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains as Nr. 2 in the sequence the Testimonia about Christ and John the Baptist.

Catalogus Codicum Manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Regiae. II (Paris 1740) p. 187. ---- Not in Niese.

(Epit.) Parisinus gr. 1418. Parchment, 14th century. Contains the Epitome Antiquitatum Buch 1-13 and den Anfang des 14. Buches. 

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 316 ; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XX; Flavii Josephi Antiquitatum Judaicarum Epitoma, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1896) p. V. VII.

P (II) Parisinus gr. 1419. Parchment, 11th century, 295 pp. Contains Ant. Jud. books 1-10. Binding errors link P firstly with the Vindobonensis hist. gr. 20 (S), but also with MLV Epit. Lat. The text must be considered as thoroughly contaminated.

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 316; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XIII. XXXIX-XLVIII ; II p. VI.

(III) Parisinus gr. 1420. Paper, 15-16th century, 263 pp. Contains Ant. Jud. books 11-20 and the Vita. In the third pentad of Ant. Jud. this is a descendant of the Vaticanus 147 (V). In the fourth pentad and Vita it offers a strongly contaminated and interpolated text, closest to A, but also linked to the Epit., MW and the Marcianus 380. The Parisinus gr. 1420 is not used by Niese for the organisation of the text. Apparently identical to the anonymous " cod. Gall. ", which Niese occasionally quotes on the basis of the materials in Hudson (Flavii Josephi opera, Oxford 1720) and Haverkamp (Flavii Josephi opera omnia, Amsterdam-Leiden-Utrecht 1726): Ant. Jud. 17, 304; 20, 10. 53. 59. 61. in. 116. 261. 263.

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 316; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) III p. XI. XLVII-XLVIII. LVII.

R (II) Parisinus gr. 1421. Paper, 14th century, 310 pp. Contains Ant. Jud. book 1-10. Lacking Ant. Jud. 1, 1-13. 66-92; 10, 274-281. In various places, especially Ant. Jud. 10, 225-274, it is impossible to make out the reading. A descendant of the same ancestor as the Bodleianus 186 (O). Niese overrates the value of RO.

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 316; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. IX-X.XXXII-XXXIX; Naber (Flavii Josephi opera omnia, Leipzig 1888-1896) I p. III-IV.

(Epit.) Parisinus gr. 1422. Paper, 16th century. Contains the Epitome Antiquitatum.

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 316; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XXI; Flavii Josephi Antiquitatum Judaicarum Epitoma, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1896) p. IV. VII.

(I) R (III) Parisinus gr. 1423. Parchment, 13-14th century, 192 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum and the Vita. For the Bellum Judaicum (collection I) it belongs to the family represented by the Urbinas gr. 84 (C) and is not considered by Niese. For collection III it offers a text which agrees sometimes with P, sometimes with AMW, thus is clearly contaminated, but alone in a number of places contains the genuine reading. Haverkamp (Flavii Josephi opera omnia, Amsterdam-Leiden-Utrecht 1726) II (Anhang) p. 171-175 gives a collation of this Parisinus ("Regius"), which following Naber (Flavii Josephi opera omnia, Leipzig 1888-1896) Niese occasionally corrected, e.g. Vita 99. 107. 139.  Pelletier, Flavius Josephe: Autobiographie (Paris 1959) p. XXV prefers R because of its quality. A. Garzya objected to this (Bolletino del Comitato per la Preparazione dell' Edizione nazionale dei Classici greci e latini 9, 1961, 42).

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 316-317; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) III p. XL XXXIV-XXXV; VI  p. XV. LI.

(Epit.) Parisinus gr. 1424. Paper, 14-15th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains among other things the Epitome Antiquitatum.

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 317; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XX-XXI; Flavii Josephi Antiquitatum Judaicarum Epitoma, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1896) p. IV. VII.

P (I) Parisinus gr. 1425. Parchment, 10-11th century, 233 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum. Lacking 1,13-80; 6,388-7,44. In books 6-7 many letters near the edge of the page can no longer be read. Very similar to the Ambrosianus 234 (A), but differs in lacunae. Niese overrated the value of PA.

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 317; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. V-VI. XXIX-XXXI; VII  p. V.

(I) Parisinus gr. 1426. Paper, 15th century. Contains the Bellum Judaicum. Closely related to the Vratislaviensis 283 and the Berolinensis gr. 223. It or its ancestor belongs to the large family centered on the Urbinas gr. 84 (C). This Parisinus was only indirectly used by Niese ---- through Haverkamp (Flavii Josephi opera omnia, Amsterdam-Leiden-Utrecht 1726) ---- for Bell. Jud. 6, 326 (in the Addenda et Corrigenda).

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 317 ; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XV. LI-LV.

(I) Parisinus gr. 1427. Parchment, 12-13th century. Contains the Bellum Judaicum (without the end of book 5, book 6 and the beginning of book 7). Belongs to the family of the Urbinas gr. 84 (C). Niese used it only for Bell. Jud. 1, 238-247; 7, 446-448 as replacement for C.

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 317; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XV-XVI. LI-LIII.

(I) Parisinus gr. 14.28. Paper, 14th century. Contains the Bellum Judaicum (fol. 1-162) and some dialogues of Lucian. Belongs to the family of the Urbinas gr. 84 (C), without being directly copied from C, like other members of this group. Niese only used it for Bell. Jud. 4, 298 (in the Addenda et Corrigenda) .

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 317; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XVI. LI. LIII. LXXII.

(I) Parisinus gr. 1428 A. Parchment, 12th century. Contains Bellum Judaicum book 2 (but missing the start and end of the book), the remainder of book 3 and book 4.

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 620. ---- Not in Niese.

(I) Parisinus gr. 1429. Parchment, 11th century. Contains from the Bellum Judaicum the second book almost complete, the third complete, only a few pages of the fourth book, in detail: 2,43-48.50-55.57-134. 197-225. 273-409. 424-654; 3, 1-542; 4, 1-61. 284-325. This Parisinus is the oldest member of the family represented by the Urbinas gr. 84 (C), and somewhat older than C itself. Because of its rudimentary condition, C is used in preference. Niese left it unconsidered (apart from Bell. Jud. 4, 298).

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 317; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XVI. XXXIX. LI-LIII.

(Epit.) Parisinus gr. 1601. Parchment, written in 1323AD. Contains the Epitome Antiquitatum.

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 371 ; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XX; III p. XII; Flavii Josephi Antiquitatum Judaicarum Epitoma, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1896) p. IV-VII.

(II)      Parisinus gr. 1602. Paper, 15-16th century, 384 pp. Contains the first two pentads of the Antiquitates Judaicae (without the tenth and part of the ninth books). Not considered by Niese.

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 371; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XVII.

(I) Parisinus gr. 1603. 16th century. Miscellaneous Ms. Contains (as Nr. 1 in the sequence) the Agrippa story from Bell. Jud. 2, 345-401.

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 371. ----Not in Niese.

(III)    Parisinus gr. 1630. 14th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains (as Nr. 36 in the sequence) the passages about Jesus and John the Baptist (Ant. Jud. 18,63-64. 116-119; 20,200).

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 377. ---- Not in Niese.

(II.IV) Parisinus gr. 1815. Paper, 16th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains fol. 325r-348v Contra Ap. 1, 1 - 2, 133, i.e. the exact same piece as in Cantabrigiensis Ll. IV. 12 (Eliensis), with which it is also textually identical. The identity of this manuscript presumed by Niese with Hudson's Codex Eliensis is unfounded. Not used by Niese apart from Contra Ap. 1, 193. 292. Immediately before Contra Apionem in the Ms. (Nr. 9 im Catalogus) are Excerpta from Ant. Jud. book 2.

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 406; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) V p. VII. X; Alfred von Gutschmid, Kleine Schriften (Leipzig 1889-1894) IV p. 376.

(III) Parisinus gr. 2075. 15th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains (as Nr. 4 in the sequence of the Catalogus) the Josephus passages concerning Jesus Christus (Ant. Jud. 18,63-64; 20, 200). 

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 439. ---- Not in Niese.

(I) Parisinus gr. 2077. 15th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains (as Nr. 4 in the Catalogus) the Agrippa story in Bell. Jud. 2, 345 ff. 

Catalogus codicum etc. II p. 440. ---- Not in Niese.

Parisinus gr. 2610. 16. century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains (as Nr. 14 in the Catalogus) "Fragmentum e Josephi antiquitatibus excerptum". ---- Not in Niese.

(I.III) Parisinus gr. 2991 A. Written in 1420AD, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains among other things excerpts from the Bellum Judaicum (speeches by Agrippa, Josephus, Titus) and the Antiquitates Judaicae (Testimonium Flavianum).

Catalogus Codicum etc. II p. 625-626. ---- Not in Niese.

(Uli) Coislinianus gr. 131. Paper, end of the 14th century, 238 pp. Contains part of Pseudo-Josephus Peri\ th~j tou~ panto_j ai0ti/aj and Ant. Jud. 18, 63-64. 116-119; 20, 199-203, also the report on Jesus Christus and early Christianity, as well as on fol. 11-238v the Bellum Judaicum books 1-7, 151 with many gaps or additions in a younger hand. Niese did not consider this codex, which offers a strongly contaminated text related to VR (only mentioned for Bell. Jud. 2, 149. 156).

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XVII. L-LI; Bibliothèque Nationale. Departement des manuscrits. Catalogue des manuscrits grecs. II. Le Fonds Coislin. Par Robert Devreesse (Paris 1945) p. 123-124.

(III) Coislinianus gr. 192. 14-15th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains on fol. 2V the Testimonium Flavianum (Ant. Jud. 18, 63-64). 

Devreesse S. 165. ---- Not in Niese.

(I) Coislinianus gr. 228. Parchment, 11th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains on fol. 88-95v Bell. Jud. 2, 56-195. A mixed text type, closest to (L)V(R). Only mentioned twice by Niese in the apparatus (Bell. Jud. 2, 149. 156).

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XVIII. XLIII; Devreesse S. 207-208.

(Lat. I. II) Parisinus lat. 1615 (erroneously "1655" in Niese). Parchment, 14th century. Contains Contra Apionem and the Bellum Judaicum. Referred to by Niese for Contra Ap. 2, 66. 112. 277.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) V p. VIII; Flavii Josephi opera ex versione latina antiqua. Pars VI. Ed. Carolus Boysen (Prag-Wien-Leipzig 1898) p. VI; Bibliothèque Nationale. Catalogue général des manuscrits latins. Tome II (Nr. 1439-2692), publié sous la direction de Ph. Lauer (Paris 1940) p. 90; The Latin Josephus, éd. Franz Blatt (Aarhus 1958) I p. 112.

(Lat. I. II) Parisinus lat. 5049. Parchment, 13th century. Contains the Antiquitates Judaicae, the books against Apion and the Bellum Judaicum. Mentioned by Niese for Contra Ap. 2, 58. 81. 106. 112. 277.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) V p. VIII; Flavii Josephi opera ex versione latina antiqua. Pars VI. Ed. Carolus Boysen (Prag-Wien-Leipzig 1898) p. VI; The Latin Josephus, ed. Franz Blatt (Aarhus 1958) I p. 75. 108.

Rome 

Bibliotheca Vaticana

(II. III) Vaticanus gr. 112. Paper, 14th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains on fol. 135-136 some excerpts from the Antiquitates Judaicae.

Codices Vaticani Graeci. Recensuerunt Johannes Mercati et Pius Franchi de Cavalieri. Tomus I. Codices 1-329 (Rom 1923) p. 134-136. ---- Not in Niese.

V (II. III) Vaticanus gr. 147. Paper, 13-14th century. Contains (with some gaps) Ant. Jud. books 3-15. Originally the first pentad was complete. For collection II this Ms. is connected with Laurentianus 69, 20 (L) by common errors, but also with MSP Epit. Lat. But there is also strong influence from RO, so that V like L has suffered from contamination. For collection III the Vaticanus gr. 147 likewise is related to the Laurentianus 69, 20 (F), and then the Lugdunensis 16 J (L). On the other hand the many things in common between V or even FLV and the Palatinus Vaticanus gr. 14 (P), show that the Vaticanus gr. 147 offers a mixed text which is evident only very seldom by the separation errors. Niese only partially used the Vaticanus gr. 147.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XVI. XXXIX. XLVIII-LII; III p. IX-X. XXV-XXIX; Mercati - Franchi de Cavalieri I p. 170-171.

V (I) (B) (III)  Vaticanus gr. 148. Parchment, 10.-11. century, 214 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum (the missing portion 1, 493-623 was added in the 15th century) together with the Testimonium Flavianum (Ant. Jud. 18, 63-64). V is closely connected by common errors to RC. V offers (like R) a text disfigured through numerous interpolations and arbitrary changes.  However its independence as a textual witness is secured by the fact that occasionally it alone offers the reading probably genuine. For collection III, and also for the Testimonium Flavianum, the Vaticanus gr. 148 is referred to  by Niese with the Marcianus 383 (M) under siglum B.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. IX. XXXVI-XXXVII ; Mercati-Franchi de Cavalieri I p. 171-172.

(II)      Vaticanus gr. 228. 14. century, Miscellaneous Ms. Fol. 305 contains an excerpt from the Antiquitates Judaicae (1, 37 ff.).

Mercati-Franchi de Cavalieri I p. 298-299. ---- Not in Niese.

(III)     Vaticanus gr. 342. Miscellaneous Ms. Fol. 282v contains the Testimonium Flavianum (Ant. Jud. 18, 63-64).

Codices Vaticani Graeci. Tomus II. Codices 330-603. Recensuit Robertus Devreesse (Rom 1937) p. 15-18. ---- Not in Niese.

(I) Vaticanus gr. 485. Paper, 13. century, Miscellaneous Ms. Fol. 260 contains excerpts from the Bellum Judaicum (4, 451-484. 530-533; 6, 292. 293. 420; 7, 96-99. 178-185).

Devreesse p. 294-298. ---- Not in Niese.

(I) Vaticanus gr. 983. Paper, 15th century, 339 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum. Offers a mixed text. Not considered by Niese.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XVII. LI.

(I) W (III) (Epit.) Vaticanus gr. 984. Parchment, written in 1354 AD. Contains Ant. Jud. books 1-20, the first decade in the Epitome version, also the Vita and the Bellum Judaicum. For collection I the Vaticanus gr. 984 belongs to the family of manuscripts represented by the Urbinas gr. 84 (C). For collection III (where it is missing Ant. Jud. 14, 185-301 ; 17, 94-296) it is close to AMW, W is particularly connected to Aante corr (A 1), and has not a little in common with PF(L)V, particularly with P and L. In the fourth pentad of the Antiquitates Judaicae the grouping changes, and W connected before all with the Laurentianus 69, 10 (M), although other affinities are present, as to P and Mmarg. Even if W also offers a rather mixed text, its character as an independent tradition is thus nevertheless established. This particularly applies to the Vita, where W in combination with M repeatedly offers what is most likely the genuine text. Niese only considered the Vaticanus gr. 984 for collection III.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XXI-XXII; III p. X.XXIX-XXXIV; VI p. XVII-XVIII. LI. LIII; Flavii Josephi Antiquitatum Judaicarum Epitoma, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1896) p. IV. VII. Supplement, p.215.

(II) Vaticanus gr. 1304. Parchment, 14th century, 262 pp. Contains Ant. Jud. 1,1 -4, 87; 6-10. Offers a text very close to SP, also connected to RO, but the text is disfigured by correction. Not considered by Niese, apart from a mention in the apparatus to Ant. Jud. 8, 148.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. VIII. XVI. LXII-LXIV.

(Lat.I) Vaticanus lat. 1992. 10th century. Contains the Bellum Judaicum. Mentioned by Niese for Bell. Jud. 4, 503.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XX; The Latin Josephus, ed. Franz Blatt (Aarhus 1958) I p. 112.

Ottobonianus gr. 76. Paper, 17th century, Miscellaneous Ms, 256 pp. Fol. 147-149 contains 'Apo_ tou~ prw&tou Flabi/ou 'Iwsh&pou. I have not determined which of the works of Josephus are included.

Codices Manuscripti Graeci Ottoboniani Bibliothecae Vaticanae. Recensuerunt E. Feron et F. Battaglini (Rom 1893) p. 48. ---- Not in Niese.

(IV) Barberinianus gr. 100 (I 100). Paper, 15-16th century, 10 pp. Contains Contra Apionem 1, 1-141. Like all other Mss. for collection IV it is derived from the Laurentianus 69, 22 (L).

P. Wendland, Deutsche Litteraturzeitung 1891, 950; Seymour De Ricci, Liste sommaire des manuscrits grecs de la Bibliotheca Barberina, Revue des Bibliothèques 17 (1907) 90; Codices Barberiniani Graeci. Tomus I. Codices 1-163. Recensuit Valentinus Capocci (Rom 1958) p. 138-139. ---- Not in Niese.

P (III) Palatinus gr. 14. Parchment, beginning of the 14th century, 315 pp. Originally contained Ant. Jud. Buch 11-20, Vita; now missing books 18, 19, 20; in addition the manuscript is now otherwise incomplete. Niese overrated the (certainly great) value of P to the disadvantage of the other text witnesses. 

Codices manuscripti Palatini graeci Bibliothecae Vaticanae descripti... recensuit et digessit Henricus Stevenson Senior (Rom 1885) p. 8; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) III p. III-V. XX-XXIV; IV p. III; Flavii Josephi opera omnia, ed. S. A. Naber (Leipzig 1888-1896) III p. IV; E. Schürer, Theologische Literaturzeitung 1892, 514. 516; P. Wendland, Deutsche Litteraturzeitung 1892, 1266-1267 and 1893, 1230; C. Frick, Berliner Philologische Wochenschrift 1893, 296 ff. ; K. Jacoby, Wochenschrift für klassische Philologie 1893, 1003-1004; Fr. Rühl, Literarisches Centralblatt 1893, 182-183. 1191-1192; Eusebius, Demonstratio Evangelica, ed. Ivar A. Heikel (Leipzig 1913) p. XVII-XVIII; S. Ek, Herodotismen in der jüdischen Archäologie des Josephos and ihre textkritische Bedeutung (Lund 1946) p. 35.

R (I) Palatinus gr. 284. Parchment, 11-12th century, 221 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum apart from the missing passages 1, 1-93; 7, 438. Closely connected to VC by common errors, however occasionally alone offers the best text.

Stevenson (1885) p. 160; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. X. XXXVI-XXXVII.

(IV) Rossianus gr. 25 (XL 47). Paper, 15th century, 135 pp. Fol. 1-105 contain Contra Apionem Buch 1-2 (incompletely). Probably one of the numerous (direct or indirect) descendants of the Laurentianus 69, 22 (L).

C. Van De Vorst, Verzeichnis der griechischen Hss. der Bibliotheca Rossiana, Zentralblatt für Bibliothekswesen 23 (1906) 539. ---- Not in Niese.

(II) Urbinas gr. 80. Paper, 14-15th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Fol. 266 contains Ant. Jud. 1, 1-6.

Codices Urbinates Graeci Bibliothecae Vaticanae. Recensuit Cosimus Stornajolo (Rom 1895) p. 111-127. ---- Not in Niese.

C (I) Urbinas gr. 84. Parchment, 11th century, 291 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum apart from 1, 238-247. The conclusion, 7, 445-455 is partially missing. Closest to VR, beyond that many things in common with PA, finally also with L. Particularly strong is the contaminating effect of revision of the C-Text on the proper names, many of which are replaced with more common names from the Septuagint. The clear preference for the Urbinas gr. 84 by Naber (Flavii Josephi opera omnia, Leipzig 1888-1896) is unjustified. It is apparent that this was at least partly involuntary and unconscious, as his predecessor I. Bekker (Flavii Josephi opera omnia, Leipzig 1855-1856), by whom he was very strongly influenced, was the final version of the text form beginning with the Editio princeps of Arnoldus Peraxylus Arlenius (Basel 1544).  This edition long exercised a controlling influence, which was only finally eradicated by Niese. However the Editio princeps itself offers for the Bellum Judaicum a text very close to the Urbinas gr. 84, which historically explains Naber's special attitude to C.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. X-XI. XXXVI-XL. LI-LV. LXVII. LXXIII; Stornajolo p. 130-131; P. Wendland, Deutsche Litteraturzeitung 1896, 107 1.

(I) . Urbinas gr. 83. Parchment, 12-13th century, 245 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum. Smaller missing parts have been added in a younger hand. This manuscript is closely related to the Palatinus Vaticanus gr. 284 (R). Not considered by Niese. 

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XVIII. XLV-XLVI; Stornajolo p. 131-132.

(I)        Urbinas gr. 94. Paper, 15th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Fol. 18ov contains the Technophagy of Maria (Bell. Jud. 6, 205-213).

Stornajolo p. 139-147. ---- Not in Niese.

None of the identifiable Vatican Mss. known to me can be identified with the "cod. Vat. apud Hudson" cited by Niese for Ant. Jud. 6, 183; 7, 159; 8, 317; 9, 11. 32. 98. 138. 148. 151. 154. 163. 185. 225. 241; 16,368, from Hudson (Flavii Josephi opera omnia, Oxford 1720) vol I at the end of the unpaginated introduction, quite imprecisely introduced as " 'Vat.' lectiones aliae Vaticanae aere nostro comparatae".

Biblioteca dell' Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei

(Lat. II) Corsinianus lat. 839. Paper, 16th century, Contains Contra Apionem. Mentioned in Niese for Contra Ap. 1,1; 2, 25. 113.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) V p. VIII; Flavii Josephi opera ex versione latina antiqua, ed. Carolus Boysen. Pars VI (Prag-Wien-Leipzig 1898) p. V.

Bibliotheca Vallicelliana

(II)      Vallicellianus gr. 30 (C 4). Paper, 14th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Fol. 176-191v contains excerpts from the Antiquitates Judaicae, 1, 69 - 3, 141; 3, 170 - 4, 96.

E. Martini, Catalogo di manoscritti greci esistenti nelle bibliotechi Italiane. II (= Catalogus codicum graecorum qui in Bibliotheca Vallicelliana Romae  adservantur) Milano 1902, p. 48. ---- Not in Niese.

Saloniki

(I) Blateon 36. Paper, 15th century, 299 pp. Fol. 1-136 contains the Bellum Judaicum (from 1, 317).

S. Eustratiades, Katalogos tön en të monë Blateön apokeimenön ködikön (Saloniki 1918) = Gregorios ho Palamäs 2 (1918) 438-439.

Saragossa

Pilar-Bibliothek

(II-III) Saragossa Nr. 253. Paper, 15th century. Contains the Greek text of the Antiquitates Judaicae.

Ch. Graux-A. Martin, Rapport sur une mission en Espagne et en Portugal. Notices sommaires des manuscrits grecs d'Espagne et de Portugal, Nouvelles Archives des Missions scientifiques et littéraires 2 (Paris 1892) 211.

Schleusingen 

Heimatmuseum

(IV) Schleusingensis gr. 1 (Hennebergensis). Paper, 15-16th century. Contains the two books against Apion. Derived from the numerous (direct or indirect) descendants of Laurentianus 69, 22 (L). Not considered by Niese.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) V p. VI. X-XI; A. von Gutschmid, Kleine Schriften (Leipzig 1889-1894) IV p. 375-376; Carl Wendel, Die griechischen Handschriften der Provinz Sachsen. In: Aufsätze, Fritz Milkau gewidmet (Leipzig 1921) p. 362-363.

(I.III)(Epit.) Schleusingensis gr. 2 (Hennebergensis). Paper, 15-16th century. Contains the Epitome Antiquitatum books 1-10, furthermore, Ant. Jud. books 11-19, 247 and Bell. Jud. 7, 393-455. Originally contained the complete Antiquitates Judaicae and Bellum Judaicum, just like the Vaticanus gr. 984, of which it is shown to be an apograph by linkage errors. As good as ignored by Niese (apart from Ant. Jud. 1, 7 in the Addenda et Corrigenda) except for the Epitome.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XXII-XXIII; III p. XII; VI p. XVIII. LI. LIII; Flavii Josephi Antiquitatum Judaicarum Epitoma, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1896) p. IV-VII; Wendel p. 362-364.

Uppsala 

Universitätsbibliothek

(I) Upsaliensis gr. 8. Paper, 15. century, Miscellaneous Ms. Fol. 297v-299v contains the speeches of Titus (Bell. Jud. 3,472-484) and Josephus (Bell. Jud. 3, 362-382).

Vilelmus Lundström, De codicibus graecis olim Escorialensibus, qui nunc Upsaliae adservantur. Eranos 2 (1897) 1-7 (especially p. 7). ---- Not in Niese.

Utrecht 

(I.III) Codex Lintelous. Paper, 15-16th century. (?). This manuscript, the private property of Mr. Lintelo de Geer from Utrecht, was placed at the disposal of S. A. Naber, and for the purposes of his edition. Its whereabouts are unknown to me. It contains the Bellum Judaicum (1, 17-7, 393), Ant. Jud. 14, 345-15, 132; 19, 247-268 and the Vita. According to Naber it is close for collection I to the Urbinas gr. 84 (C), for collection III to the Vaticanus gr. 984 (W). Naber mentions the Codex Lintelous occasionally in his Apparatus criticus (Bell. Jud. 2, 151; 4, 353. 433; 5, 70. 428; 6, 46. 315; 7, 225. 376), once in preference to all other witnesses (Bell. Jud. 7, 307), probably more from politeness than conviction.

Flavii Josephi opera omnia, ed. S. A. Naber (Leipzig 1888-1896) V p. VII.

Venice

Biblioteca Nazionale di S. Marco

(II. III) Marcianus 380. Parchment, 383 pp., written in 1469 AD in Rome. Contains Ant. Jud. books 1-20 and the Vita. For collection II it is a descendant of the Marcianus 381 (M); the portions missing from the Marcianus 381 (Ant. Jud. 10, 206-281) have been copied from the Vaticanus gr. 147 (V). For collection III the third pentad of Antiquitates Judaicae is derived from the Vaticanus gr. 147 (V), for the fourth Pentade and the Vita from the Vaticanus gr. 984 (W), with a clear relationship also to the Parisinus gr. 1420. Not considered by Niese.

Antonius Maria Zanetti - Antonius Bongiovanni, Graeca D. Marci Bibliotheca codicum manuscriptorum per titulos digesta (Venedig 1740) p. 181-183; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XVI-XVII. LXIV-LXV; III p. XL XLVI-XLVII. LVII).

M (II) Marcianus 381. Paper, 13th century, 308 pp. Contains Ant. Jud. books 1-10. Missing 1, 1-91.170-183; 10, 206-281. A younger hand has added 1, 1-57. On the one hand is linked closely to SP, also to the large family SPLV Epit. Lat., but on the other hand has much in common with the opposed family RO. This Marcianus offers a very mixed text, but not seldom the best text and deserves more attention than Niese gave it.

Zanetti - Bongiovanni p. 183; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XI-XII. XXXIX-XLII. LXXV.

(I) Marcianus 382. Parchment, 15th century, 254 pp. Contains ---- with some gaps ---- the Bellum Judaicum. One of the witnesses of the Bellum Judaicum, which Niese felt could be neglected for Collection I in view of the existence of older manuscripts, as they make no contribution to the analysis of the text.

Zanetti-Bongiovanni p. 183; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XVIII. LI.

M (I) (B) (III) Marcianus 383. Parchment, 12th century, 321 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum and the Testimonium Flavianum (Ant. Jud. 18, 63-64). Offers a text which is sometimes close to the Parisinus gr. 1425 (P), sometimes the Ambrosianus 234 (A), but also with many connections to VRC and individual members of this family (especially C), giving a contaminated text. The Marcianus 383 occasionally ---- like so many other Josephus Mss. with a mixed text ---- offers alone the reading which is most likely genuine, whereby its independence is secured. ---- In collection III, for the Testimonium Flavianum, the Marcianus 383 is gathered by Niese with the Vaticanus gr. 148 under the siglum B. 

Zanetti-Bongiovanni p. 183; J. Morelli, Bibliotheca manuscripta graeca et latina I (Bassano 1802) p. 249 ; Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. VII-VIII. XXXI-XXXIII. LXVII.

(I) Marcianus gr. VII, 2 (1005). Paper, 15th century, 180 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum.

Bibliothecae Divi Marci Venetiarum. Codices Graeci Manuscripti. Recensuit Elpidius Mioni. Volumen II (Rome 1960) p. 18. ---- Nicht bei Niese.

(Lat. II) Marcianus lat. X 60. Parchment, written in 1468 AD. Contains Ant. Jud. books 1-20, Contra Apionem Books 1-2. Mentioned by Niese for Contra Ap. 2, 25.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) V p. VIII ; Flavii Josephi opera omnia ex versione latina antiqua, ed. Carolus Boysen. Pars VI (Prag-Wien-Leipzig 1898) p. V; The Latin Josephus, ed. Franz Blatt (Aarhus 1958) I p. 39.108.

Wien 

Oesterreichische Nationalbibliothek

(III) Vindobonensis gr. 91. Paper, 15th century, Miscellaneous manuscript. Contains on fol. 164r-v the pieces about Christ and John the Baptist. Ant. Jud. 18, 63-64.116-119.

Herbert Hunger, Katalog der griechischen Handschriften der Oesterreichischen Nationalbibliothek (Wien 1957) p. 63-65. ---- Not in Niese.

(I) Vindobonensis hist. gr. 18 (Busbeckianus). Paper, 14-15th century, 126 pp. Contains Bell. Jud. 1, 336 - 6, 83. Belongs to the large family represented by the Urbinas gr. 84 (C). Not considered by Niese.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XVIII. LI. LIII; Katalog der griechischen Handschriften der Oesterreichischen Nationalbibliothek. Teil 1 (Codices historici philosophici et philologici) by Herbert Hunger (Wien 1961) p. 21-22.

S (II) Vindobonensis hist. gr. 20 (in Niese erroneously "hist. gr. 2"). Parchment, 11th century, 336 pp. Contains Ant. Jud. books 1-10. Common corruptions link S particularly with Parisinus gr. 1419 (P), but also with the large group MSPLV Epit. Lat. or individual members of it. S is like P not free from contaminating interpolations.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XII-XIII. XXXIX. XLVI-XLVIII; Hunger (1961) p. 23.

(Epit.) Vindobonensis hist. gr. 22 (Busbeckianus). Paper, 14th century, 317 pp. Contains (apart from the missing beginning) the Epitome Antiquitatum books 1-20.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XVIII-XIX; II p. III; III p. XII-XIII. LX. LXIV; IV p. IV; Flavii Josephi Antiquitatum Judaicarum Epitoma, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1896) p. III. V-VI; Hunger (1961) p. 24-25.

(I) Vindobonensis hist. gr. 113. 15th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Fol. 151v-152r contain the speech of Titus, Bell. Jud. 3, 472-484. 

Hunger (1961) p. 116-117. ---- Not in Niese.

(I) Vindobonensis phil. gr. 112. 14th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains on fol. 23r-v Bell. Jud. 6, 416-442 and on fol. 24r-v Bell. Jud. 6, 149-182.

Hunger (1961) p. 222-223. ---- Not in Niese.

(I) Vindobonensis phil. gr. 149. 14th century, Miscellaneous Ms. Contains on fol. 270v-271r Bell. Jud. 6, 516 ff.

Hunger (1961) p. 250-253. ---- Not in Niese.

Wolfenbüttel 

Herzog-August-Bibliothek

(Lat. I.II) Wissenburgensis 22. Parchment, 9th century. Contains Ant. Jud. books 1-12 and the Bellum Judaicum.

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) I p. XXVIII; III p. XIV; The Latin Josephus, ed. Franz Blatt (Aarhus 1958) I S. 40.110; Hans Butzmann, Die Weissenburger Handschriften (= Kataloge der Herzog-August-Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel. Die neue Reihe. Zehnter Band) Frankfurt am Main 1964, S. 131-132.

Wroclaw (Breslau) 

Biblioteka Uniwersytecka

(I) Vratislaviensis 283 (Rehdigeranus). Paper, 15-16th century, 266 pp. Contains the Bellum Judaicum. Close to the Berolinensis gr. 223 and the Parisinus gr. 1426.  They or their common ancestor belong to the family represented by the Urbinas 84 (C). Only occasionally considered by Niese (1, 238 ff.; 2, 624; 4, 298. 452; 6, 326; 7, 264).

Flavii Josephi opera, ed. B. Niese (Berlin 1885-1895) VI p. XVII. LI. LIII-LV. LXXIII; Catalogus codicum graecorum qui in Bibliotheca urbica Vratislaviensi adservantur etc. (Breslau 1889) p. 68; Kurt Aland, Die Handschriftenbestände der polnischen Bibliotheken (Berlin, Akademie-Verlag 1956) p. 37.


Postscriptum: In this list the numerous catena manuscripts which cite Josephus are not listed. I refer the reader for these to: Catenarum graecarum Catalogus. Composuerunt Georgius Karo et Johannes Lietzmann. Nachrichten von der Königl. Ges. d. Wiss. zu Göttingen. Philol.-hist. Kl. aus dem Jahre 1902. Göttingen 1902. In  Karo-Lietzmann Josephus appears as a cited author in catena for the Old and New Testaments on pages 3.6.7.8.18.19.21.44.45.58.61.65.335.578.592.603. It is unnecessary to give here a classification by individual manuscripts. In any event, these are of more interest for the study of the chain-commentaries themselves and the history of the knowledge of Josephus, than for direct use for the text organisation itself.  There is also the additional possibility that the citations are not from Josephus directly, but from an indirect source (e.g. John Chrysostom, Theodoret etc.). See P. Wendland, Deutsche Litteraturzeitung 1892, 1266; G. Bardy, Le Souvenir de Josephe chez les Pères, Revue hist, ecclés. 43, 1948, 179-191 (esp. p. 189).


THE PAPYRUS VINDOBONENSIS

Pap. Vind.     Only a single papyrus is known to me, which contains a piece of the text of Josephus, the Pap. Graec. Vindob. 29810. It contains "the remains of a careful bookseller's copy of a codex from the late 3rd century AD," according to H. Oellacher, p. 61. It contains Bell. Jud. 2, 576-579. 582-584. The writing is no longer very legible, in addition to losses at the beginning and end of most of the lines.  [Collation].  Too little is preserved to do more than assess the quality of the well-known manuscripts.  Only so much is clear, that the codex from which the fragment comes, does not exhibit the characteristics of any of the well-known manuscripts of the Bellum Judaicum, and is a member of neither groups PA or VRC. ... The average line length of 30 letters (with a number of lines of the column of 30) ...

H. Oellacher, Griechische Literarische Papyri II (Baden bei Wien 1939) p. 61-63; Roger R. Pack, The Greek and Latin Literary Texts from Greco-Roman Egypt (Ann Arbor 19652) p. 74. ---- Not in Niese.


Bibliography

Heinz SCHRECKENBERG, Die Flavius-Josephus-Tradition in Antike und Mittelalter. Leiden: Brill (1972). Checked.

Erich LAMBERZ, "Zwei Flavius-Josephus-Handschriften des Athosklosters Vatopedi (Vatop. 386 und 387)", Rheinisches Museum 139 (1996), 295-307.  Not checked.

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