CIMRM 14 - Literary reference to now vanished statue. Trapezos, Turkey.
MMM II 55c; Cumont, Studia Pontica II 367ff; Chrysanthos, 106f; Cumont,
Mithra en Etrurie, 100 n. 6; Mithra As. Min., 71 and n. 5.
A text from an eulogy on St. Eugen of Trapezos (1) composed by Constantinus,
son of Lucites, tells how the saint, at the time of Diocletian, with two companions,
destroyed a Mithras-statue, which stood on the mountain of Boz-Tepe. In the
Middle Ages (2) this mountain was still called Μιθρίος βουνός; and the hagiographer
states that on the very spot where the Mithras-altar stood i.e. on the top of the
mountain, a church dedicated to St. John the Baptist was built.
Recent studies have revealed, that the place of the sanctuary must have been
near the ruins of this church and not on the western slope of the hill, as was
previously accepted (3).
(1) Manuscript No. 215 of the Dionisiou monastery on the Athos, published by Papadoulos-
Kerameus, Fontes Historiae Imperii Trapezuntini. Petersburg 1897, p. 8, 17ff and
p. 10, 6ff (cf. MMM I 362f; II 55c).
(2) Still called so in 1336 and 1362 in the Chronica of Trapezos by Panaretos in Tafel,
Eustathii Metropolitae opuscula. Frankfurt 1832, § 9 p. 362, 40 and § 31 p. 367, 40 quoted
by MMM II 55c.
(3) In his former publications Cumont is of the opinion that the spelaeum has to be
looked for on that spot. The church of Panhagia Theoskepastos stood here.