From: Wikimedia Commons. By Codrin B. Taken at the Alba Iulia National Museum of the Union 2011.
Monuments found at Apulum, but their exact findspots are unknown.
Relief in sandstone (H. 1.20 Br. 1.00 D. 0.08), found in the ruins of Apulum
Julia (= Gyula Fehervar = Karlsburg).
Formerly in the Bathyani Library. Now Alba Julia, Muzeul Regional. Inv. No. 204/II.
Köppen, Nachricht, 10, VII and Pl. I; de Hammer, Mithriaca, 87,8 and Pl.
VI; Müller, Mithras, fig. 18; Lajard, Basrel. Trans., 62 f. and Pl. I,2; Intr., XCVI, 2; MMM II 310f No. 192bis and fig. 168; Cserni, 338 fig. 44. See fig. 513.
The relief is divided into three parts by two horizontal rims. In the centre
Mithras in the usual dress and attitude as a bullkiller. The bull wears a belt. The
dog with collar, the serpent, the scorpion, the raven and the torchbearers in
Oriental dress and cross-legged. Cautes (r) holds a burning torch in his r.h. and
another in his l.h. Cautopates (l) holds the torch downwards with his r.h. and he
holds the bull's tail, which ends in three corn-ears, with his l.h. Behind Cautopates
are the scenes of Mithras riding the bull and of Mithras taurophorus. Behind
is a lion clasping a krater. Above this scene is the representation of Mithras'
rockbirth. The god holds a knife in his upraised r.h.; his l.h. and his shoulder are
On his left is a representation of a reclining god in beard who is only partly
dressed in a cloak. He holds a curved object (falx) in his r.h. (Saturnus).
In the upper part of the relief from l. to r.:
1) Sol in a biga; the head and the breast are lost.
2) Mithras sitting on a rocky stone shoots an arrow towards a rock before which
a person is kneeling down, who puts his r.h. to his mouth. Behind Mithras is
another person in flying cloak. He walks towards Mithras and he grasps him by
the shoulder with his r.h.
3) A row of seven altars above which a rocky stone. Above this stone is the bull
in a small boat.
4) The bull in a small house.
5) Mithras strikes with a stick (torch?) on the pediment of the bull's house.
6) Standing person in Oriental dress, but without the Phrygian cap. He is crosslegged
and he leans on a bent staff. He rests his head on his l.h. At his feet is a
lying dog above which a ram.
7) Luna in a chariot to the l. which is drawn by two oxen. She holds a whip in
her r.h. Part of her body and head are lost.
In the lower part ofthe relief from l. to r.:
8) Lost. Only a small part of the arched border is preserved.
9) Sol in a quadriga. He holds a torch in his r.h. Mithras ascends. The lower part
of the scene is lost.
10) Sitting god with upraised hands (Saturnus). His body is encircled by a
serpent which menacingly stretches out its head towards the chariot. Before the
god an engraving, probably representing a plant.