CIMRM 389 - Barberini Mithraeum. Rome.


See also: CIMRM 389 Mithraeum; 390 Tauroctony fresco; 391-5 Other finds;

The main relief of the tauroctony, with side panels. From: here.

General view of the Mithraeum. From Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma.

Map of the Mithraeum.

From: here.

From: here.

Plans of the Mithraeum.

The Mithraeum is a barrel-vaulted room, like that at Santa Maria Capua Vetere.

The site was discovered in 1936 and consists of a room, 11.85 x 6.25 m, with a barrel vault and side benches. It has a complex fresco decoration. At the top is the sky, with the zodiac. Around it are ten boxes (pinakes) which tell the sacred story of Mithras. Also the personifications of Sol and Luna. The focus is on the central scene of the tauroctony where Mithras, flanked as usual by Cautes and Cautopates, ritually kills the bull.

The monument is currently (2014) under restoration.

CIMRM entry

Bibliography

  • M.J.Vermaseren, Mithriaca III: The Mithraeum at Marino, Brill, 1982. This contains a detailed description of the frescos and a discussion of the date, which Vermaseren places in the second quarter of the 3rd century A.D.

Images

The following photographs were taken by Pascal Lemaire on 25th January 2014. Used by permission.

Number of entries: 36
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