White marble relief (H. 0.87 Br. 1.64), found in the hindmost room of the
Mithraeum in 1931. End of the third century.
Colini in BCR LIX, 1931, 123ft with figs.; van Buren, Ancient Rome, 143 and
Pl. 8 fig. 2; Pietrangeli, 26 = 166 No. 1 and fig. 13; Cecchelli in Roma, 1941,
Tav. XVIII; Berytus XI, 1954, Pl. 1, 2. See fig. 122.
The relief must have stood in a corner against the wall on a pedestal, as is clear
from holes in the lower rim and in the back and moreover from a decoration only
on the left and upper border.
Mithras in tunica manicata and flying cloak is slaying the bull, whose tail ends
in one great ear. On the point of the Phrygian cap a star; four more stars are
visible to the right of the god's head. The dog and the serpent are liCking the blood
from the wound; the scorpion grasps the testicles. On either side stands a torchbearer:
Cautes (l) and Cautopates (r), not cross-legged. They are dressed in a tunica
only. It is remarkable, that two Corinthian capitals behind them are turned in the
same direction as their torches.
Behind the main scene a grotto has been represented; on its border the raven
is perched, which grasps with its beak part of Mithras' cloak; furthermore a lizard
is visible creeping out of its hole. Before the entrance to this grotto Mithras
carrying the bull; before the bull's forelegs a serpent.
In the upper corners the dressed bust of Sol with a crown of seven rays, and of
Luna with a crescent behind the shoulders. She is looking downwards.
On the upper border, above Mithras' head, a crown of leaves on either side of
which runs the inscription:
Pietrangeli, 26 No. 1.
Deo Soli invicto Mithrae Ti(tus) Cl(audius) Hermes
ob votum dei typum d(onum) d(edit).