Adversus Hermogenem
(Against Hermogenes)

[CPL 13]

-----------------------------

Latin: Waszink, 1956 --- English: Holmes, 1870 --- French: Genoude, 1852 --- German: Kellner, 1882 --- Russian: [Unknown]

Summary Content Other points of interest Manuscripts Title variations Bibliography

IN BRIEF

Against the ideas of Hermogenes, mostly about creation.

SUMMARY

Hermogenes was a painter, who produced his own cult, mingling bits that appealed to him of Christianity and contemporary stoicism-paganism.  According to Eusebius, a now lost work Against the Heresy of Hermogenes was written by Theophilus, 6th bishop of Antioch, who lived around AD. 180 (see Quasten I for this writer who also wrote on the trinity).  Tertullian also refers to him in De Monogamia 16:1 as one who had married several times.

Hermogenes held the opinion that matter was eternal, and therefore equal with God, and so proposed two gods.  Tertullian tells us (ch.1) that he derived these opinions from contemporary pop philosophy, and specifically from the Stoics.

CONTENT

The work provides a response in 45 chapters, defending the Christian teaching of creation:

Tertullian also wrote two other works against this man - De censu animae, now lost, and its continuation, De anima.

OTHER POINTS OF INTEREST

"There was, however, a time when neither sin existed with Him, nor the Son; the former of which was to constitute the Lord a Judge, and the latter a Father." 

However the context is about names, not about being, and Tertullian certainly quotes John 1. 1 elsewhere (e.g. Adversus Praxean) in support of the biblical idea.   Doubtless this is merely a verbal slip by Tertullian, in the heat of the argument.

MANUSCRIPTS

The work is contained in the members of the Cluny collection. (q.v.).  The primary witnesses, therefore, are:

Possibly also to be considered are:

which may or may not have some independent witness.  Many consider them simply copies of F, however.

TITLE VARIATIONS

This work is found only in the collection of works known as the Corpus Cluniacense; the largest collection of Tertullian's works, and extant in the most copies.  The titles from the earliest independent exemplars are as follows:

INCIP ADVERSVS HERMOGENEM Paterniacensis 439 (P),
Florentinus Magliabechianus, Conv. Soppr I, VI, 9 (N)
Q. Septimii Florentis Tertulliani incipit lib aduersus Hermogenem Florentinus Magliabechianus, Conv. Soppr I, VI, 10 (F)

Note: The MSS have the overscore above the letter, but this will only be visible in modern browsers (N4+/IE4+). It signifies an abbreviation.

There is no variation in the titles shown in the ancient catalogues either, elsewhere on this site.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

This runs up to 1955.  Where not otherwise indicated, details are from Quasten's Patrology, 2 (1955). See also Editions page and Critical Editions page for more information, particularly on collected editions of more than one work.

Editions: 

A. KROYMANN, CSEL 47 (1906) 126-176. Checked.
A. KROYMANN, CCSL 1 (1954) 395-436. Checked.
J.H. WASZINK, Quinti Septimii Florentis Tertulliani Adversus Hermogenem liber. Stromata patristica et mediaevalia 5. Utrecht: Spectrum (1956). Checked. (Personal copy).  Text online.
Frédéric CHAPOT, Tertullien : Contre Hermogene, Sources Chrétiennes 439 (1999). ISBN 2-204-06217-0  French critical edition with Latin text, and French translation and notes.  Checked. (Personal copy).  Based on Waszink's revision.

Translations: 

English: P. HOLMES, ANCL 15 (1870), 55-118; ANF 3 (1885), 477-502. Online.
-- J.H. WASZINK, Tertullian: The Treatise against Hermogenes. Ancient Christian Writers 24 (1956).  Checked. (Personal copy)
French: A. DE GENOUDE, Contre Hermogène, Tertullien-Oeuvres, Paris (1852).  t.3.  pp.51-101.  Checked. Online.
-- Frédéric CHAPOT, loc. cit., 1999.
German: K.A.H.KELLNER, Gegen Hermogenes, Tertullians sämtliche Schriften..., Köln : DuMont-Schauberg (1882), vol. 2 pp.59-100.  Checked. Online.
Dutch: H. U. MEYBOOM, Tegen Hermogenes (Oudchristel. geschriften, dl. 43). Leiden, 1930.
Italian: C. MORESCHINI, Opere scelte di Quinto Settimo Florente Tertulliano. (Classici UTET). Turin, 1974. (Details from CTC 99, 5).
-- C. MICHAELI, Contro Ermogene.  Introduzione, traduzione e note. Roma: Città Nuova (2002), 131 pp. (Collana di testi patristici, 167).  (Details CTC 2002).

Studies: 

E. HEINTZEL, Hermogenes, der Hauptvertreter des philosophischen Dualismus in der alten Kirche. Berlin, 1902.
W. C. VAN UNNIK, De la règle d'or mh&te prosqei~nai mh&te a0felei~n dans l'histoire du canon (De praescr. 38) : VC 3 (1949) 1-36.
G. MAY, Hermogenes - ein frühchristlicher Theologe zwischen Platonismus und Gnosis, Studia patristica XV (1979), pp.461-473.  In German.(Details from DCB 74-89)
A. QUACQUARELLI, L'eresia materiaria di Ermogene. Hermogenes materiarius haereticus (Tert., Herm. 25,7), Vetera Christianorum 21 (1984) pp.241-251.   Italian.(Details from DCB 74-89)

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