De paenitentia
(On repentance)

[CPL 10]

Latin: Borleffs, 1957 --- English: Thelwall, 1869 --- French: Genoude, 1852; De Labriolle, 1906 -- German: Kellner, 1912 --- Italian: Mazzoni, 1934 --- Russian: Unknown

Summary Content Other points of interest Manuscripts Title variations Bibliography


A short work in 12 chapters discussing whether forgiveness for major public sins is available after conversion, and outlines the position generally held at that time - once only, with public repentance.  (De pudicitia 3 tells us the penitent can still be saved; but cannot be received in the church). 




1:2 -- All things are to be understood by reason.
4:4 -- Reference to owning slaves.
12:2 -- Mention of volcanic eruptions


The work is present in three different collections of the works of Tertullian.

1.  It is contained in the members of the Cluny collection. (q.v.).  The primary witnesses, therefore, are:

Possibly also to be considered are:

which may or may not have some independent witness.  Many consider them simply copies of F, however.

2. It is contained in the 12th century Codex Trecensis 523 (T).

3. Long extracts are contained in the 14th century Codex Vaticanus Ottobonianus 25 (O).


Incipit de penitentia Trecensis 523 (T)
INCIPIT DE PENITENTIA Florentinus Magliebechianus, Conventi soppressi VI, 9 (N)
Q Septimii Florentis Tertuliani Incipit Liber de penitencia Luxemburgensis 75 (X)

In the Codex Vaticanus Ottobonianus Latinus 25 (O) no title is given.


Unless otherwise indicated, details are from Quasten's Patrology, 2 (1955). See also Editions page and Critical Editions page for more information.

[Note: I need to add some biblio, from l'Annee Phil. for the years 1954-1974 and from CTC after that].


E. PREUSCHEN, SQ.2, 2nd ed. Freiburg, 1910.
G. RAUSCHEN, Tertulliani De paenitentia et De pudicitia recensio nova (adnotavit G. Rauschen), Florilegium patristicum 10. Bonn, 1915. cm. 23.  (Details Quasten, additional details from Bodleian online  catalogue).
P. DE LABRIOLLE, De paenitentia, De pudicitia, texte et trad. Paris, 1906. Checked.
J. W. PH. BORLEFFS, Libri De patientia, De baptismo. De paenitentia (Scriptores christiani primaevi 4). The Hague, 1948.
J. W. Ph. BORLEFFS, CCSL 1 (1954) 319-341. Checked.
J. W. Ph. BORLEFFS, Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum 76, Vienna (1957), pp.140-170.  Text now online, but not apparatus.  Checked


English: C. DODGSON, Library of Fathers 10. Oxford, 1842, 349-369.
-- S. THELWALL, ANCL 11 (1869) pp.257-278; reprinted ANF 3 (1885), pp. 657-666.  Online.  Checked.
-- W. P. LE SAINT, Tertullian: Treatises on Penance. Ancient Christian Writers 28 (1959). Checked.
German: H. KELLNER, Über die Bekehrung. Tertullians sämtliche Schriften, Köln : DuMont-Schauberg, (1882). Vol. 1. pp.274-291. Checked.
H. KELLNER, Über die Buße, BKV2 7 (1912). pp. 224-246. Online.
Dutch: H. U. MEYBOOM, Over de boete (Oudchristel. geschriften, dl. 46). Leiden, 1931.
-- CHR. MOHRMANN, MC 1, 3. Utrecht, 1951, 273-300.
French: A. DE GENOUDE, De la Pénitence. Oeuvres de Tertullien2, Paris (1852). t. 2, pp. 197-216. Checked.
P. DE LABRIOLLE, loc. cit., 1906. Online
Italian: Selvaggia BORGHINI, Opere di Tertulliano tradotte in Toscano. Rome (1756). p.267-292.  Personal copy. Checked.
-- Gino MAZZONI, Quinto S. F. Tertulliano, I trattati : de spectaculis, de idolatria, de poenitentia ; tradotti da Gino Mazzoni .Siena : E. Cantagalli, 1934. 215 p. ; 20 cm. ( I classici cristiani ; 50-52. I classici italiani ; 50-52.) (Details from BN Florence OPAC).  Online complete
-- Francesco SCIUTO, Tertulliano , Tre opere parenetiche : Ad Martyras, De Patientia, De Paenitentia : stralcio provvisorio ; testo e traduzione a cura di F. Sciuto. Catania : La Nuovagrafica di A. Tringali (1960) 113 p. ; 21 cm. (Details from BN Florence OPAC)
-- Francesco SCIUTO, Tertulliano , Tre opere parenetiche : Ad Martyras, De Patientia, De Paenitentia, Catania, Centro di studi sull'antico cristianesimo, Universitŕ di Catania, 1961, CXXIX, 115 p.; 24 cm., with Latin text. (Details from Dr. Andrea Niccolotti - this was the full version of the 'provisional' 1960 edition)
Catalan: [Various], Tertuliano: Sobre el baptisme i altres escrits. 1Ş ed.- Barcelona: Fundació Enciclopédia Catalana, 1989.- ISBN: 84-7739-080-0 151, [4] p. (Details from BN Portugal, and personal email). Contents: Introduction by Jaume Fŕbregas;  - Sobre el baptisme (De baptismo) (translation: Jaume Fŕbregas); - Sobre la oració (De oratione)   (trans. Jaume Fŕbregas); - Sobre la penitčncia (De paenitentia) (trans. Andreu Soler); - Contra Prŕxees (Adversus Praxean)  (trans. Jaume Fŕbregas) 
Hungarian: László VANYÓ &c, Tertullianus muvei (The works of Tertullian), Budapest: Szent István Társulat (1986) 1100pp. (Ókeresztény frók 12). (Details CTC 2002.75).  The older translations of István Városi (Pat, Apol, Orat, Ux, Cult) and Marcell Mosolygó (Mart) have been recycled; the rest are new.


G. ESSER, Die Bußschriften Tertullians De paenitentia und De pudicitia und das Indulgenzedikt des Papstes Kallistus. Bonn, 1905.
P. DE LABRIOLLE, Vestiges d'apocryphes dans le De paenitentia de Tertullien 12, 9: Bull, d'anc. littér. et d'arch. chrét. 1 (1911) 127-128. Also in
A. D'ALČS, L'Édit de Calliste. Paris, 1914, 136-171: Le traité de Tertullien de paenitentia.
S. W. J. TEEUWEN, De voce 'paenitentia' apud Tertullianum: Mnem 55 (1927) 410-419.
CHARTIER, L'excommunication ecclésiastique d'aprčs les écrits de Tertullien: Antonianum (1935) 301 ff, 499ff.
J. W. PH. BORLEFFS, Observationes criticae in Tertulliani De paenitentia libellum: Mnem 60 (1932) 41-106; 
idem, Index verborum quae Tertulliani de paenitentia libello continentur: Mnem 60 (1932) 254-316.
LUKMAN, Bogoslovni Vestnik (1939) 236-266.
J. W. PH. BORLEFFS, Een nieuw handschrift van Tertullianus : Handelingen van het 21e Nederl. Philologencongres. Groningen, 1950, 27.

 -- For further studies, see the bibliography on De pudicitia.

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