De pallio
(On the philosopher's cloak)

[CPL 15]

-----------------------------

Latin: Gerlo, 1954; Hunink, 2005; Turcan, 2006 --- English: Thelwall, 1870; Hunink, 2005 --- French: De Genoude, 1852 --- 
German:  Kellner, 1912 --- Italian: Blasone, 2006 --- Russian: [Unknown]

Summary Content Other points of interest Manuscripts Title variations Bibliography

IN BRIEF

A short humorous speech on why he has stopped wearing the Roman toga and started instead to wear the pallium.

SUMMARY

One of the shortest of Tertullian's works, in 6 chapters.

Tertullian has been attacked because he doesn't wear the toga any more, but instead the pallium, the cloak associated with philosophers. He defends himself with a smile, with many rhetorical flourishes, and lots of references to other classical writers and famous persons, and to matters of interest to an antiquarian.

An article on the work by Paul McKechnie is available online here.

From Cureton's tr. of Eusebius, History of the Martyrs in Palestine, (1861), p. 83-4: 'Valesius has this Note on Book 6, ch. 19 of Ecc. Hist. (p):--" The philosophic habit was the pallium or cloak, which was the usual badge of the Greek philosophers, different from that which was worn by the ordinary Greeks, which those Christians still kept to, who, before their conversion, were philosophers."--See Eng. Trans. [English Translation of Eusebius's Ecclesiastical History in "The History of the Church: fol., London, 1709] p. 101. And on this place (n):--"This garment is in the Greek termed ecwmij: see its description, A. Gellius, Book 7, ch. 12." ibid. p. 168.'  

CONTENT

TBA

OTHER POINTS OF INTEREST

In ch. 2 there is a reference to 3 emperors, although scholars argue about the reference. But it is probably to Septimius Severus, and his two sons Geta and Caracalla:

How many cities has the triple power of our existing empire either produced, or else augmented, or else restored! While God favours so many Augusti unitedly, how many populations have been transferred to other localities! how many peoples reduced! how many orders restored to their ancient splendour! how many barbarians baffled! In truth, our orb is the admirably cultivated estate of this empire; every aconite of hostility eradicated.

An interesting discussion of how the toga was worn, which refers to de pallio, is online here.

MANUSCRIPTS

This text is found only in the members of the Cluny collection. (q.v.).  The primary witnesses, therefore, are:

Sometimes considered in the past were:

The Salmasius edition makes use of the lost Divionensis (D).

TITLE VARIATIONS

DE MONOGAMIA TERTVLLIANI EXPLICIT INCIPIT DE PALLIO Florentinus Magliebechianus, Conventi soppressi VI, 9 (N)
Explicit liber de monogamia. Incipit liber Tertulliani de pallio Florentinus Magliebechianus, Conventi soppressi VI, 10 (F)
Quinti Septimi florentis Tertulliani de Monogamia liber finit eiusdem de pallio incipit Leidensis 2 (L)

BIBLIOGRAPHY

This runs up to 1956.  Where not otherwise indicated, details are from Quasten's Patrology, 2 (1955). See also Editions page and Critical Editions page for more information.

[Note: I need to add some biblio, from l'Annee Phil. for the years 1954-1974, and from CTC to date].

Editions:

G. MARRA, Tertulliano, De Pallio. Prima trad. ital. con testo critico e comment. (Corpus script. lat. Paravianum 59). Turin, 1933. 
A. GERLO, Tertullianus, De pallio. Critische uitgave met vertaling en commentaar. Wetteren : Uitgeverij De Meester, 1940.  2 vols. 25cm. Contents: deel I. Inleiding, tekst en vertaling.--deel II. Commentaar. Checked.
Q. CATAUDELLA, Il mantello di sagezza. De pallio. Testo crit. vers. e note. Genua, 1947.
A. GERLO, CCSL II (1954), p.731-750. Text only onlineChecked.
J. (Josephus = Giuseppe) MARRA, De spectaculis, De fuga in persecutione, De Pallio. Series: Corpus scriptorum Latinorum Paravianum. Torino Paravia (1954). 2nd ed. xviii+162p. 20cm. 800L. (Details APh26.p169 - extra details, Dr. Andrea Nicolotti).  With translation.
V. BULHART, CSEL 76 (1957), p. 104-125. Checked.
V. HUNINK, Tertullian, De Pallio, a commentary by Vincent Hunink, J.C. Gieben, publisher, Amsterdam 2005; ISBN 90 5063 439 7; [332 p]Latin text and English translation online.
Marie TURCAN, Tertullien, De pallio. Introduction, édition critique, traduction française, commentaire et index, (mis en ligne en mars 2006), Sources Chrétiennes 513, Editions du Cerf (2007).

Translations: 

English: S. THELWALL, ANCL 18 (1870), 181-200; reprinted ANF 4 (1885), 5-12. Online.  Checked
-- V. HUNINK, Tertullian, De Pallio, a commentary by Vincent Hunink, J.C. Gieben, publisher, Amsterdam 2005; ISBN 90 5063 439 7; [332 p]Latin text and English translation online.
French: Le sieur de Titreville, Tertullien. Du Manteau... [paraphrase] par le sieur de Titreville. [Avec une préface par M. de Grenaille.]  Publisher : Paris : Georges Josse (1640). Description : pičces limin., 274 p. ; 12° (Details from the Montpellier library catalogue)
-- F. MANESSIER, Livre de Tertullien, du Manteau, traduction nouvelle [suivie du texte latin], Publisher : Paris : Pierre Promé (1665). Description : 2 parties en 1 vol. ; 12°. Notes : Traduit par F. Manessier d'aprčs le privilčge Le Texte latin est celui de l'édition de Rigault avec quelques corrections. 43392RES. Cachet de l'abbé Flottes. Other titles : De Pallio. Texte latin, trad. française. (Details from the Montpellier library catalogue)
-- A. DE GENOUDE, Oeuvres de Tertullien: Du Manteau, Paris (1852).  3 vols.  Vol. 2.  (Details from BNF catalogue).  Online.
-- M. TURCAN, loc. cit., 2007.
Italian: G. MARRA, loc. cit.
--
Q. CATAUDELLA, loc. cit. 
-- Pino BLASONE, Il Pallio. 2006
German:
H. KELLNER, Über Das Pallium, oder, Den Philosophenmantel, BKV2 7 (1912). pp.11-33. Checked.  Online
Dutch: H. U. MEYBOOM, Over den mantel (Oudchristel. geschriften, dl. 46). Leiden (1931).  pp.219-238. Checked.
-- A. GERLO, loc. cit.
Italian:
Selvaggia BORGHINI, Opere di Tertulliano tradotte in Toscano. Rome (1756). p.243-266.  Personal copy. Checked.
--
Giuseppe MARRA, Tertulliano, De pallio; prima traduzione italiana con introduzione, testo critico a fronte e commentario a cura di Giuseppe Marra. Napoli : A. Morano (1937) 117 p. ; 20 cm. (Details from BN Florence OPAC)
J. (Josephus = Giuseppe) MARRA, loc. cit., (1954). 2nd edition.
-- S. COSTANZA, Tertulliano, De pallio / testo, traduzione e commento a cura di S. Costanza. Napoli : Libreria scientifica editrice (1968) 167 p. ; 22 cm. ( Collana di studi classici ; 3.) (Details from BN Florence OPAC)
Spanish:
E. DE UBANI, La Capa de Tertuliano. Madrid, 1631. (Details from Quasten, also in BN Spain)
-- J. PELLICER DE OSSAU, Version parafrastica castellana de Palio de Tertuliano. Barcelona, 1658.
Portugese: Dante TRINGALI, O "De pallio" de Tertuliano.  Sao Paulo : Universidade, Faculdade de Filosofaia, Letras e Ciencias Humanas (1980) . 233 p. ; 23 cm. Coleccion: Universidade de Sao Paulo ; Boletim no 29. (Details from http://cisne.sim.ucm.es/
Japanese: S. TOKI, TERUTYURIANUSU [Tertullian, volume] 1 : Purakuseasu hanron [Adversus Praxean]; Parriumu ni tsuite [De pallio], trad. by Shôsaku TOKI, Tokyo: Kyobunkan, 1987, 205p. (Kirisutokyô kyôfű chosakushu [Works of the Fathers of the Church], 13)  Not checked (Details from CTC 88,5).  (De Pallio is attributed to a 'pseudo-Tertullian').
Russian: Андрей Яковлевич Тыжов (Andrey Jakovlevich TYZHOV), Квинт Септимий Флоренс Тертуллиан. О плаще. (2000). 216 pp. 18 cm. Series: Серия Античное христианство . Источники (= Series Antique christianity. Sources). ISBN 5-89329-316-9. (Details from Russian State Library OPAC)
Hungarian: László VANYÓ &c, Tertullianus muvei (The works of Tertullian), Budapest: Szent István Társulat (1986) 1100pp. (Ókeresztény frók 12). (Details CTC 2002.75).  The older translations of István Városi (Pat, Apol, Orat, Ux, Cult) and Marcell Mosolygó (Mart) have been recycled; the rest are new.

Studies: 

M. HAUPT, Analecta XIX (On De Pallio 5, De Spectaculis 10), Hermes. Zeitschrift für Classische Philologie 1 (1866) pp. 259-261
Gaston BOISSIER, Le traite du manteau de Tertullien, Revue des Deux Mondes 94.5 (1889) pp. 50-78
M. ZAPPALA, L'ispirazione cristiana del De Pallio di Tertulliano: RR 1 (1925) 132 ff; 
idem
, Le fonti del De Pallio: RR 1 (1925) 327-344. 
D. S. ROBERTSON, Tertullian, De pallio IV: Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society (1932) 151-153.
GUILLARD, La place du De pallio dans l'oeuvre de Tertullien. Paris, 1935. 
L. CASTIGLIONI, Ad Tertullianum adnotationes: Studi Ubaldi. Milan, 1937, 261 f.
A. GERLO, Textkritische nota's bij De pallio van Tertullianus: RBPh (1939) 393-408.
C. ALBIZZATI, Il costume nel De pallio di Tertulliano: Athenaeum (1939) 138-149.
J. H. WASZINK, Mnem 3, 9 (1941) 131-137.
D. VAN BERCHEM, Un temoignage meconnu sur l'attitude des chretiens a regard de l'empire, le De pallio de Tertullien: Bulletin de la Societe des Études de Lettres (1943) 129-130; 
idem,
Le De pallio de Tertullien et le conflit du christianisme et de l'empire: Museum Helveticum 1 (1944) 100-119.
J. M. VIS, Tertullians' De Pallio tegen de achtergrond van zijn overige werken. Diss. Nijmegen, 1949.
Q. CATAUDELLA, Il De pallio di Tertulliano, REC 6 (1955), 51-65. (Details APh26).
P. McKECHNIE, Tertullian's De pallio and life in Roman Carthage, Prudentia 24.2 (1992) pp.44-66.  Online.  By permission of the author.

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