CIMRM 1283 - Tauroctony with clear panels. Neuenheim, Germany.
Tauroctony from the Mithraeum at Neuenheim (CIMRM 1282) near Heidelberg, with subsidiary framing panels depicting the life of Mithras.
From Wikimedia Commons. Said to be from Karl Pfaff: "Heidelberg und Umgebung". Heidelberg: J. Hörning, 1902.
Relief in red sandstone (H. 2.26 Br. 2.40). Karlsruhe, Badisches Landesmuseum.
I am deeply indebted to Dr. R. Schnellbach and Dr. Eva Zimmermann for sending
me the photographs. The Museum was badly damaged during World-War II and
therefore it was not possible for me to check all the monuments personally.
Creuzer, Mithr. Neuenh., lOff and Pl. II; Deutsche Schriften, 324ff; Lajard,
Intr., Pl. XCII; Fröhner, Samml. Karlsruhe, 5 No. 16; Stark, Zwei Mithraen,
Pl. I; MMM II 345ff No. 245b and Pl. V; Blümlein, Bilder, 112; Wagner-Haug,
Fundstätte, II 276ff and fig. 234; Fritsch, Baden, fig. 16; Koepp,
Germ. Rom., IV, 57 and Pl. XXXIV, 3; Esp. Rec. Germ., 288ff No. 443 and
fig.; Saxl, fig. 82; Leipoldt, IX and fig. 16. See fig. 337.
The monument has a base (H. 0.42) and consists of a main scene surrounded by
other minor scenes on three sides, In the centre the usual representation of Mithras
as a bullkiller, whose tail ends in seven corn-ears, The face of the god has a sorrowful expression
and it looks towards the raven, which was sitting on the god's cloak
but it is no longer visible, The dog and the scorpion in the usual place. The serpent
coils over the ground towards a krater behind which a lion.
On either side of Mithras tauroktone and on a rocky base a torchbearer is
visible in Oriental dress and cross-legged, Cautes (r) raises a burning torch with his
r.h. Cautopates (l) holds a torch downwards, Both have a pedum in their l. hands.
In the corners the busts of Sol (l) in radiate crown and of Luna (r) with crescent,
Between them four cypresses (originally seven?) standing in a row against a rocky
In the upper corner between two blowing Wind-gods from l. to r.:
1) Mithras standing before a cypress and apparently breaking off branches.
2) Mithras as an Archer kneeling before a rock.
3) Sol in radiate crown standing in a quadriga and holding a whip in his upraised
r.h. Mithras is ascending.
4) Naked Luna standing in a biga drawn by two oxen, The heads of the animals
hidden behind the rocks. Luna has a whip in the r.h.
5) Mithras as an Archer kneeling before the rock.
6) Dressed bust of Mithras in Phrygian cap amidst the leaves of a cypress.
In the l. part from bottom to top:
7) Person in Oriental dress,is kneeling and carries a large globe on his shoulders
8) Reclining person on a rock the upper part of whose body is undressed, He is
bearded and his head rests in his l. hand. In his r.h. he has an oblong object
(Oceanus or Caelus).
9) Bearded person clad in a mantle and in a velum (Saturnus) has a harpè in his
l.h. and over an altar hands the thunderbolt to Jupiter who in his upraised l.h. has
a sceptre (Cf Eisler, Weltenmantel II, 440 and fig, 55). Jupiter is also bearded, he
wears a long shoulder-cape and a diadem in his hair.
10) Naked youthful Mithras being born from the rock His r.h. with dagger
rests upon the rock; in his uplifted l.h. he holds a globe.
In the r. part from top to bottom:
11) Grazing bull.
12) Mithras carrying the bull on his shoulders; he holds it by the four legs, The
god is looking backwards.
13) Running bull dragging Mithras along
14) Mithras carrying the bull to the r.